Dirinaria confluens

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Dirinaria confluens


Taxonavigation: Caliciales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Caliciales

Familia: Caliciaceae
Genus: Dirinaria
Species: Dirinaria confluens


Dirinaria confluens (Fr.) D.D.Awasthi, Biblioth. Lichenol. 2: 28 (1975)

Substrate and ecology: On bark, wood and rocks, from sea level to the edges of montane rain forests.

World distribution: In all tropical regions of both hemispheres with a few collections from subtropical parts of Japan


  • Basionym
    • Parmelia confluens Fr., Syst. Orb. Veget. 1: 284 (1825)


  • Kalb, K. (2004) Dirinaria (pp. 98-103) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Diederich, P.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages. (Discussion of Dirinaria confluens and distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 100; black-and-white photo: p. 100, fig. 8)
  • Thomson, J.W. (1963) The Lichen Genus Physcia in North America. - Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia, Heft 7. J. Cramer. viii + 172 pp.   (RLL List # 46 / Rec. # 18472 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Dirinaria confluens: plate 43 [as Physcia aegialita])

Links to photos[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Dirinaria lichen
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Dirinaria confluens on Wikimedia Commons.