Diploschistes muscorum

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Graphidales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Ostropomycetidae
Ordo: Graphidales

Familia: Diploschistaceae
Genus: Diploschistes
Species: Diploschistes muscorum
Subspecies: D. m. subsp. bartlettii – D. m. subsp. muscorum

Name[edit]

Diploschistes muscorum (Scop.) R. Sant., 1980


Life habit: Lichenicolous fungus on Cladonia spp. (rarely on Stereocaulon spp.) when young, later an independent lichen

World distribution: Cosmopolitan in relatively open habitats in Mediterranean, temperate and polar regions and extending to high altitudes in the tropics

Basionym
  • Lichen muscorum Scop., Flora Carniol. indig. 2: 365 (1772)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Diploschistes bryophilus (Ehrh. ex Ach.) Zahlbr., Hedwigia 31: 34 (1892)
  • Diploschistes bryophilus f. parasitica (Sommerf.) Servít, 1934
  • Diploschistes lichenicola (Mont.) Vain., Kolemann. tutkim. Länsi-Siperiassa 4: 105 (1928)
  • Diploschistes muscorum (Scop.) R. Sant., in Hawksworth, James & Coppins, Lichenologist 12(1): 106 (1980) subsp. muscorum
  • Diploschistes scruposus f. bryophilus (Ehrh.) Oxner, 1937
  • Diploschistes scruposus subsp. muscorum (Scop.) Clauzade & Cl. Roux, Bull. Soc. bot. Centre-Ouest, Nouv. sér., num. spec. 7: 825 (1985)
  • Diploschistes scruposus var. bryophilus (Ach.) Müll. Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 41 (1892)
  • Diploschistes scruposus var. parasiticus (Sommerf.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univers. 2: 672 (1924)
  • Gyalecta bryophila (Ehrh.) Ach., Syn. Lich.: 10 (1814)
  • Lecanora scruposa var. parasitica Sommerf., Suppl. Fl. lapp. (Oslo) (1826)
  • Lichen bryophilus Ehrh., 1774
  • Lichen muscorum Scop., Fl. carniol., Edn 2 (Wien) 2: 365 (1772)
  • Mellitiosporium lichenicola (Mont. & Fr.) Sacc. [as 'Melittosporium' ], 1890
  • Patellaria muscorum (Scop.) Hoffm., 1790
  • Stictis lichenicola Mont. & Fr., 1836
  • Urceolaria bryophila (Ehrh.) Funck, 1805
  • Urceolaria lichenicola (Mont. & Fr.) A. Rich., 1877

References[edit]

  • R. Sant., in Hawksworth, James & Coppins, Lichenologist 12(1): 106 (1980)
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Diploschistes (pp. 303-305) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages.   **[RLL List # 184 / Rec.# 22465] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Diploschistes muscorum and distribution map for North America: p. 304; color photo: p. 304, plate 313)
  • Dobson, F.S. (2000) (Fourth edition) Diploschistes (pp. 151-152 ) In, Lichens: An illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. The Richmond Publishing Co., Ltd., Slough, England, 431 pp.   **[RLL List # 184 / Rec.# 22402] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Diploschistes muscorum and map: p. 152)
  • Hawksworth, D.L. (1992) Diploschistes Norman, 1853 (pp. 236-238) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp.   **[RLL List # 151 / Rec.# 15105] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Diploschistes muscorum: p. 237)
  • Lawrey, J.D. and Diederich, P. (2010) Lichenicolous fungi – worldwide checklist, including isolated cultures and sequences available. Internet (1/12/2011)
  • Lumbsch, H.T. (1989) Die holarktischen Vertreter der Flechtengattung Diploschistes (Thelotremataceae). - Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 66: 133–196.   **[RLL List # 140 / Rec.# 11889] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Illustrations of Diploschistes muscorum: pp. 138, 140 & 174)
  • St. Clair, L.L. (1999) Diploschistes Norman (pp. 75-76) In, A color guidebook to common Rocky Mountain lichens. M.L. Bean Life Science Museum of Brigham Young University Publisher, 242 pp.   **[RLL List # 180 / Rec.# 21417] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Diploschistes muscorum and color photo: p. 75)
  • Thomson, J.W. (1997) Diploschistes Norman (pp. 217-219) In, American Arctic Lichens: 2. The Microlichens. The University of Wisconsin Press, 675 pages.   **[RLL List # 170 / Rec.# 18517] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Diploschistes muscorum: p. 217; distribution map for the American arctic: p. 218)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Diploschistes Norman (p. 99) In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages.   **[RLL List # 190 / Rec.# 24161] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Diploschistes muscorum: p. 99)
  • van Herk, K. and Aptroot, A. (2004) Diploschistes Norman (pp. 172-173) In, Veldgids Korstmossen. Koninkliijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging, 423 pages; in Dutch.   **[RLL List # 196 / Rec.# 26085] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Diploschistes muscorum: p. 172; color photo: p. 173)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Diploschistes Norman (pp. 378-380) - Teil 1) In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German.   **[RLL List # 159 / Rec.# 20405] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Diploschistes muscorum and color photo: p. 379)

Links[edit]

Links to photos[edit]

  • The Lichen Herbarium, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway (Photo Gallery) - Diploschistes muscorum

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Cow pie lichen,   Crater lichen
Nederlands: Duindaalder