Cyphelium pinicola

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Taxonavigation: Caliciales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Caliciales

Familia: Caliciaceae
Genus: Cyphelium
Species: Cyphelium pinicola


Cyphelium pinicola Tibell, 1969

Substrate and ecology: On dry twigs of Pinus, rarely on wood or bark of Betula, Pinus and Larix, in open situations, mainly at the edge of bogs and pine heaths in areas with a continental climate, at moderate to high elevations, especially in the subalpine zone

World distribution: Widely distributed but rare in cool temperate and temperate areas of western Northern Hemisphere in Europe and North America.

Sonoran distribution: southern California


  • Tibell, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 63: 477 (1969)
  • Tibell, L. (1969) The genus Cyphelium in northern Europe. - Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 63: 465–485.   (RLL List # 76 / Rec. # 18589 - Recent Literature on Lichens)
  • Tibell, L. (1980) Lavordningen Caliciales i Sverige. Släktena Cyphelium, Microcalicium, Sphaerophorus, Sphinctrina, Thelomma och Tholurna. - Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 74: 55–69.   (RLL Suppl. Rec.# 82 - Recent Literature on Lichens)
  • Tibell, L. (1999) Calicioid lichens and fungi. - In: Ahti, T/Jørgensen, PM/Kristinsson, H/Moberg, R/Søchting, U/Thor, G (eds.): Nordic Lichen Flora. Volume 1. Introductory Parts. Calicioid Lichens and Fungi. Nordic Lichen Society, Uddevalla, pp. 20-94.   (RLL List # 182 / Rec. # 21646 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Cyphelium pinicola: plate 7)
  • Tibell, L. and Ryan, B.D. (2004) Cyphelium (pp. 82-88) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Diederich, P.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages.   (RLL List # 196 / Rec. # 25888 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Cyphelium pinicola: p. 86)

Links to photos[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Soot lichen