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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Hymenopterida
Ordo: Hymenoptera
Subordo: Apocrita
Superfamilia: Cynipoidea
Familiae (5 + 3†): Austrocynipidae - Cynipidae - Figitidae - Ibaliidae - Liopteridae - †Gerocynipidae - †Protimaspidae - †Stolamissidae


  • Cynipoidea


  • Ronquist, F. 1995: Phylogeny and early evolution of the Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). Systematic entomology, 20: 309–335.
  • Ronquist, F. 1999: Phylogeny, classification and evolution of the Cynipoidea. Zoologica scripta, 28(1-2): 139–164. doi: 10.1046/j.1463-6409.1999.00022.x PDF

Additional references[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Nederlands: Galwespen
日本語: タマバチ上科
For more multimedia, look at Category:Cynipoidea on Wikimedia Commons.