Cuscuta epithymum subsp. epithymum

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Cuscuta epithymum subsp. epithymum

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Solanales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Solanales

Familia: Convolvulaceae
Tribus: Cuscuteae
Genus: Cuscuta
Subgenus: C. subg. Cuscuta
Species: Cuscuta epithymum
Subspecies: C. e. subsp. epithymum

Name[edit]

Cuscuta epithymum (L.) L. subsp. epithymum autonym

Synonyms[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Cuscuta campanulata Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 239 (1812).
    • Cuscuta minor Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 345 (1821 publ. 1822).
    • Cuscuta europaea var. barbuvea Brot., Phytogr. Lusitan. Select. 2: 192 (1827 publ. 1835).
    • Cuscuta minor var. pallens Boreau, Fl. Centre France 2: 308 (1840).
    • Cuscuta trifolii Bab., Phytologist 1: 467 (1843).
    • Cuscuta planiflora W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 570 (1844), nom. illeg.
    • Cuscuta alpina Kotschy ex Choisy in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 453 (1845).
    • Cuscuta minor var. trifolii (Bab.) Choisy in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 453 (1845).
    • Cuscuta acutiflora Rota, Giorn. Bot. Ital. 2(2): 286 (1847).
    • Cuscuta epithymum var. pallens Lagr.-Foss., Fl. Tarn: 252 (1847).
    • Epithymum cuscutoides Opiz, Seznam: 40 (1852).
    • Cuscuta calliopes Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 462 (1859).
    • Cuscuta epithymum var. vulgaris Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 461 (1859).
    • Cuscuta muelleri Strail, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 2: 326 (1863).
    • Cuscuta trifolii var. strailii F.Mull., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 3: 388 (1864).
    • Cuscuta hygrogenes Gand., Fl. Lyon.: 159 (1875).
    • Cuscuta ruficaulis Gand., Fl. Lyon.: 159 (1875).
    • Cuscuta subtincta Gand., Fl. Lyon.: 159 (1875).
    • Cuscuta ulicis Godr., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 19: 193 (1875).
    • Cuscuta epithymiphyta St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 124 (1880).
    • Cuscuta alpicola Brügger, Jahresber. Naturf. Ges. Graubündens, n.s., 29: 45 (1884-1885 publ. 1886).
    • Cuscuta sarothamni Brügger, Jahresber. Naturf. Ges. Graubündens, n.s., 29: 46 (1884-1885 publ. 1886).
    • Cuscuta epithymum subsp. trifolii (Bab.) Berher, Fl. Vosges, ed. 2: 164 (1887).
    • Cuscuta novae-zealandiae Kirk, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 20: 183 (1888), not validly publ.
    • Cuscuta epithymum var. trifolii (Bab.) A.G.Ham., J. Proc. Roy. Soc. New S. Wales 26: 236 (1892).
    • Cuscuta epithymum var. cardianthera Beck, Fl. Nied.-Oesterr. 2: 949 (1893).
    • Cuscuta equiseti Schur, Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 42: 238 (1904).
    • Cuscuta intermedia Schur, Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 42: 238 (1904), nom. illeg.
    • Cuscuta stenantha Trab., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 38 (1907).
    • Cuscuta epithymum var. ulicis Rouy, Fl. France 10: 356 (1908).
    • Cuscuta trifolii var. muelleri Rouy, Fl. France 10: 358 (1908).
    • Cuscuta barbuvea (Brot.) Samp., Fl. Port. 1: 384 (1913).
    • Cuscuta coriariae Sennen & Pau, Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 23: 245 (1914).
    • Cuscuta ericae Sennen, Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 23: 225 (1914).
    • Cuscuta stenoloba Bornm. & Schwarz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 26: 56 (1924).
    • Cuscuta zizyphi-loti Sennen, Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 32: 101 (1932).
    • Cuscuta epithymum var. withaniae Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 26: 128 (1935).
    • Cuscuta aragonensis Sennen, Diagn. Nouv.: 262 (1936).
    • Cuscuta epithymum var. decipiens Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 438 (1938).
    • Cuscuta epithymum var. subobtusata Maire & Sauvage, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 184 (1945).
    • Cuscuta epithymum var. corsicana Yunck. in R.de Litardière, Prodr. Fl. Corse 3(2): 83 (1955).
    • Cuscuta epithymum subsp. corsicana (Yunck.) Lambinon, Bull. Soc. Échange Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Bassin Médit. 24: 63 (1993).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
      • Albania, Austria, Belgium, Baleares, England, Bulgaria, Corsica, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece (incl. Kiklades), Crete, East Aegaean Isl., Rhodos, Ireland, Switzerland, Netherlands, Spain, Hungary, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Serbia & Kosovo, Montenegro, Macedonia, Portugal, Malta, Norway, Poland, Romania, ?Sardinia, Sicily, Sweden, Crimea, Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, C-, E- & N-European Russia, Ukraine, Cyprus (N-Cyprus), European Turkey
  • Continental: Asie
      • Northern Caucasus, Armenia, Georgia [Caucasus], Azerbaijan, Siberia (W-Siberia), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia), Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran), Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert), Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon), Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze), Afghanistan (Farah, Wardak)
  • Continental: Africa
      • Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.), Islas Selvagens, ?Pakistani Kashmir (?Hindukush, ?Skardu)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: حامول صعتري
čeština: Kokotice povázka
Cymraeg: Llindag
Deutsch: Quendel-Seide
English: Dodder
español: Epítimo
eesti: Liivatee-võrm
euskara: Kuskula
فارسی: سس شبدری
suomi: Apilanvieras
français: Cuscute du thym
lietuvių: Smulkusis brantas
Nedersaksies: Klein duvelsneigaoren
Nederlands: Klein warkruid
polski: Kanianka macierzankowa
português: Cabelos
slovenčina: Kukučina dúšková
svenska: Ljungsnärja