Crocus sativus

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Crocus sativus

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Iridaceae
Subfamilia: Crocoideae
Tribus: Croceae
Genus: Crocus
Sectio: C. sect. Crocus
Series: C. ser. Crocus
Species: Crocus sativus

Name[edit]

Crocus sativus L., Sp. Pl. 1: 36. 1753.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Crocus sativus var. officinalis L., Sp. Pl.: 36. 1753.
    • Safran officinarum Medik., Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 473. 1790.
    • Crocus officinalis (L.) Honck., Syn. Pl. Germ. 1: 273. 1792.
    • Crocus autumnalis Sm., Engl. Bot.: t. 343. 1796, nom. illeg.
    • Crocus setifolius Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 104. 1812.
    • Geanthus autumnalis Raf., Specchio Sci. 1: 116. 1814.
    • Crocus pendulus Stokes, Bot. Comm. 1: 209. 1830.
    • Crocus sativus var. cashmerianus Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 1: t. 90, f. 1. 1834.
    • Crocus orsinii Parl., Fl. Ital. 3: 238. 1860.
    • Crocus sativus var. orsinii (Parl.) Maw, Gard. Chron., n.s., 11: 234. 1879.
    • Crocus sativus subsp. orsinii (Parl.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 248. 1890.

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:

Widely cultivated sterile cultigen derived from Crocus cartwrightianus.

  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Czechoslovakia
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Greece (cultigen), Italy.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Morocco.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Iran, Turkey
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Pakistan, West Himalaya.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Afrikaans: Saffraankrokus
Deutsch: Saffran-Krokus
español: Azafrán
suomi: Maustesahrami
Nordfriisk: Safraan
galego: Azafrán
magyar: Jóféle sáfrány
italiano: Zafferano vero
Nederlands: Saffraankrokus
polski: Szafran uprawny
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Šafran
ไทย: หญ้าฝรั่น
Türkçe: Safran
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