Citrullus colocynthis

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Citrullus colocynthis

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Cucurbitales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Cucurbitales

Familia: Cucurbitaceae
Tribus: Benincaseae
Genus: Citrullus
Species: Citrullus colocynthis

Name[edit]

Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad., 1838.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Cucumis colocynthis L., Sp. pl. 2:1011. 1753.
  • Heterotypic
    • Citrullus colocynthis subsp. insipidus (Pang.) Fursa, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 57(1): 39. 1972.
    • Citrullus colocynthis subsp. stenotomus (Pang.) Fursa, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 57(1): 39. 1972.
    • Citrullus colocynthis var. insipidus Pang., Trudy Prikl. Bot. 23(3): 73. 1930.
    • Citrullus colocynthis var. stenotomus Pang., Trudy Prikl. Bot. 23(3): 72. 1930.
    • Citrullus colocynthoides Pang., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc., Biol. n. s., l. Livr. 5-6, 81. 1946.
    • Citrullus pseudocolocynthis (Wender.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 50. 1846.
    • Citrullus vulgaris var. colocynthoides Schweinf.
    • Colocynthis officinalis Schrad., Linnaea 12: 421. 1838.
    • Colocynthis vulgaris Schrad., Ind. Sem. Hort. Acad. Goetting. 1833:2. 1833.
    • Cucumis pseudocolocynthis Wender., Linnaea, 10: Litt. 77. 1836.

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
      • NW-Sahara, S-Sahara, S-Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Turkey (SSW-Anatolia), Rhodos, Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus), Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt), Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Palma Isl.), Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Santa Luzia Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Sal Isl., Ilha da Boa Vista, Ilha de Maio, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava), Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, NE-Kenya, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Socotra, Benin, Madagascar
  • Continental: Asie
      • Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert), Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Negev Desert, N-Israel), Jordania (S-Jordania), Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon), Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Hejaz, Rub al Khali, Asir, Nejd Desert), Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai), Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains), United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Yemen (Aden Desert, N-Inner Yemen, SE-Yemen: coastal Hadhramaut, SW-Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen), Afghanistan (Farah, Helmand, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Nimroz), Armenia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Waziristan, N.W.Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab), Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir), India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Myanmar [Burma], Nepal, Maldives, Bangladesh

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

čeština: kolokvinta obecná
suomi: Kolokvintti
français: Coloquinte
magyar: Sártök
italiano: Coloquintide
Nederlands: bitterappel, kolokwint
Türkçe: Ebucehil karpuzu
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