Chordata Craniata

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Main Page
Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Chordata Craniata
Subphyla: Hyperotreti - Vertebrata
Genera incertae sedis: †Haikouichthys – †Myllokunmingia

Name[edit]

Craniata Lankester, 1877

Classifications[edit]

Haeckel (1874)[edit]

Anthropogenie, oder Entwickelungs-geschichte des Menschen. 1st ed., 1874, [1]. 2nd unchanged ed., 1874, [2], see pp. 416, 421, 440, 441, 492, 496b.

  • Thierreich
    • Protozoa
    • Zoophyta
    • Vermes
    • Mollusca
    • Echinoderma
    • Arthropoda
    • Chordonia [p. 441]
      • Tunicata
      • Vertebrata
        • Acrania
          • Leptocardia
        • Craniota
          • Monorhina
            • Cyclostoma
          • Amphirhina
            • Anamnia
              • Pisces
              • Dipneusta
              • Amphibia
            • Amniota
              • Reptilia
              • Aves
              • Mammalia
                • Monotrema
                • Marsupialia
                • Placentalia

Gegenbaur (1874)[edit]

Gegenbaur, Carl (1874). Grundriss der vergleichenden Anatomie Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, [3].

Thierreiches [p. 408]

  • Protozoën
  • Cölenteraten (Zoophyten)
  • Würmer
  • Echinodermen
  • Arthropoden
  • Mollusken
  • Wirbelthiere
    • Acrania
    • Craniota
      • Cyclostomata
      • Gnathostomata

Lankester (1877)[edit]

Notes on the Embryology and classification of the Animal kingdom: comprising a revision of speculations relative to the origin and significance of the germ-layers. Quartely Journal of Microscopical Science (N.S.), No. 68: 399-454, [4], [5].

Animalia

  • I. grada Plastidozoa
    • Protozoa
  • II. grada Enterozoa (:441)
    • 1. grada Coelenterata = Diploblastica
      • 1. phylum Porifera
      • 2. phylum Nematophora
    • 2. grada Coelomata = Triploblastica (:441)
      • 1. phylum Echinoderma
      • 2. phylum Platyelmia
      • 3. phylum Appendiculata = Parapoda (:441)
      • 4. phylum Gephyraea
      • 5. phylum Mollusca = Mesopoda
      • 6. phylum Enteropneusta
      • 7. phylum Vertebrata
        • A. ramus Urochorda
          • I. classis Larvalia
          • II. classis Saccata
        • B. ramus Cephalochorda
          • I. classis Leptocardia
        • C. ramus Craniata
      • 8. phylum Nematoidea
      • 9. phylum Chaetognatha

Cavalier-Smith (1998)[edit]

A revised six-kingdom system of life, [6].

Empire or Superkingdom 1. Prokaryota

Empire or Superkingdom 2. Eukaryota

  • Kingdom 1. Protozoa Goldfuss 1818 stat. nov. Owen 1858 em. [almost certainly paraphyletic]
  • Kingdom 2. Animalia Linnaeus 1758 em. Cavalier-Smith 1995 (= Metazoa Haeckel 1874)
    • Subkingdom 1. Radiata Linnaeus 1758 em. stat. nov. Cavalier-Smith 1983 [almost certainly paraphyletic]
    • Subkingdom 2. Myxozoa Grassé 1970 stat. nov. Cavalier-Smith 1996
    • Subkingdom 3. Bilateria Hatschek 1888 stat. nov. Cavalier-Smith 1983 [probably paraphyletic]
      • Branch 1. Protostomia Grobben 1908 [probably paraphyletic]
      • Branch 2. Deuterostomia Grobben 1908
        • Infrakingdom 1. Coelomopora Marcus 1958 (as superphylum) stat. nov.
        • Infrakingdom 2. Chordonia Haeckel 1874 em. Hatschek 1888 stat. nov.
          • Phylum 1. Urochorda Lankester 1877
          • Phylum 2. Chordata Bateson 1885 em.
            • Subphylum 1. Acraniata Bleeker 1859 [probably paraphyletic]
            • Subphylum 2. Vertebrata Cuvier 1812 (= Craniota Haeckel, Craniata auct.)
    • Subkingdom 4. Mesozoa subking. nov.
      • Phylum Mesozoa van Beneden 1877
  • Kingdom 3. Fungi Linnaeus 1753 stat. nov. Nees 1817 em.
  • Kingdom 4. Plantae Haeckel 1866 em. Cavalier-Smith 1981
  • Kingdom 5. Chromista Cavalier-Smith 1981 em.

Donoghue et al. (2000)[edit]

Donoghue, Philip C. J.; Forey, Peter L.; Aldridge, Richard J. (2000). Conodont affinity and chordate phylogeny. Biological Reviews 75 (2): 191–251.

Craniata Linnaeus, 1758

  • Myxiniformes Berg, 1940
  • Vertebrata Linnaeus, 1758
    • Petromyzontiformes Berg, 1940
    • Gnathostomata Cope, 1889
      • plesion Conodonta Eichenberg, 1930
      • plesion Pteraspidomorphi Goodrich, 1909
        • Astraspis
        • Heterostraci Lankester, 1868
        • Arandaspidiformes Ritchie & Gilbert-Tomlinson, 1977
      • plesion unnamed group A
        • plesion Anaspida Traquair, 1899
        • Jamoytius
        • Euphanerops
      • plesion Loganellia
      • Unnamed group B
        • Eriptychius
        • Jawed vertebrates
      • plesion unnamed group C
        • Osteostraci Lankester, 1868 sedis mutabilis
        • Pituriaspida Young, 1991 sedis mutabilis
        • Galeaspida Halstead, 1982 sedis mutabilis

Hutchins et al. (2003)[edit]

Hutchins, M. et al. (eds.). Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, 2nd ed., 17 vols., Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group, 2003, [7].

Kingdom Animalia (= Metazoa)

References[edit]

  • Nielsen, C. 2012: The authorship of higher chordate taxa. Zoologica Scripta 41 (4): 435–436, [8].
  • Roberts, C.D.; Paulin, C.D.; Stewart, A.L.; McPhee, R.P.; McDowall, R.M. (compilers) 2009: Checklist of New Zealand Chordata: living lancelets, jawless fishes, cartilaginous fishes, and bony fishes. Pp. 527-536 in Gordon, D.P. (ed.) New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume 1. Kingdom Animalia. Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, New Zealand. ISBN 978-1-877257-72-8

Vernacular names[edit]

български: Черепни
čeština: Obratlovci
Deutsch: Wirbeltiere
English: Craniates
hrvatski: Svitkovci Lubanjci
עברית: בעלי גולגולת
македонски: Черепни
日本語: 有頭動物
polski: Czaszkowce
português: Craniados
русский: Черепные
Türkçe: Gerçek kafataslılar