Calluna vulgaris

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Calluna vulgaris, Põlvamaa, Estonia
Calluna vulgaris, Naturreservatet Änggårdsbergen, Mölndal, Göteborg, Sweden

Taxonavigation[правіць]

Taxonavigation: Ericales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Ericaceae
Subfamilia: Ericoideae
Tribus: Ericeae
Genus: Calluna
Species: Calluna vulgaris

Name[правіць]

Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull, Brit. Fl., ed. 2, 1: 114 (1808).

Synonyms[правіць]

  • Basionym
    • Erica vulgaris L., Sp. Pl. 1: 352. 1753.
  • Homotypic
    • Calluna erica DC. in Lamarck & de Candolle, Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 3: 680. 1805, nom. illeg.
    • Calluna sagittifolia Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl., 2: 399. 1821, nom. illeg.
    • Erica sagittifolia Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 370. 1812, nom. illeg.
    • Ericoides vulgaris (L.) Merino, Fl. Galicia 2: 260. 1906.
  • Heterotypic
    • Calluna alpestris Gand., Herbor. Pyrénées: 37, 1884.
    • Calluna atlantica Seemen, J. Bot. 4: 306, 1866.
    • Calluna beleziana Rouy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 42: 500, 1895.
    • Calluna brumalis Gand., Herbor. Pyrénées: 59, 1884.
    • Calluna ciliaris Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 447, 1866.
    • Calluna elegantissima Sennen, Bol. Soc. Iber. 1929, 28: 177, 1930.
      • Calluna vulgaris subsp. elegantissima (Sennen) Mateo, Flora Montiber. 29: 92, 2005.
    • Calluna erica var. condensata (Lamotte) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 105, 1908.
    • Calluna erica var. hirsuta (Gray) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 105, 1908.
    • Calluna erica var. patula Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 105, 1908.
    • Calluna erica var. beleziae (Rouy) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 106, 1908.
    • Calluna erica var. olbiensis (Albert) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 106, 1908.
    • Calluna genuina Ducommun, Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot. 491, 1869.
    • Calluna olbiensis Albert, Pl. Nouv. ou Rares (Bull. Soc. Etudes Sc. et Archeol. Draguignan) 60, 1884.
    • Calluna oviformis Gand., Herbor. Pyrénées: 131, 1875.
    • Calluna pyrenaica Gand., Herbor. Pyrénées: 21, 1884.
    • Calluna sagittifolia var. hirsuta Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 399, 1821.
    • Calluna sancta Gand., Herbor. Pyrénées: 47, 1884.
    • Calluna vulgaris Salisb., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 6: 317, 1802.
    • Calluna vulgaris f. alba (Weston) Braun-Blanq., Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5(3): 1691. 1926.
    • Calluna vulgaris f. aurea (G.Don) W.Beij., Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 34: 454. 1937.
    • Calluna vulgaris f. compacta Bejer
    • Calluna vulgaris f. elegantissima Sennen, Pl. Espagne n.° 5606
    • Calluna vulgaris f. foxii (Bean) Rehder, Bibliogr. Cult. Trees 539. 1949.
    • Calluna vulgaris f. humilis Zubía, Fl. Rioja 2: 108. 1921, nom. nud.
    • Calluna vulgaris f. nana Kirchn.
    • Calluna vulgaris f. purpurea (G.Don) Braun-Blanq., Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5(3): 1691. 1926.
    • Calluna vulgaris f. serotina (Loudon) Rehder, Bibliogr. Cult. Trees 539. 1949.
    • Calluna vulgaris f. searlei (Fraser) Rehder, Bibliogr. Cult. Trees 539. 1949.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. alba (Weston) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 3: 828. 1834.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. alba aurea Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 281. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. alba minor Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 281. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. alba pilosa Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 281. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. alba pumila Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 281. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. alportii Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 281. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. argentea Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 282. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. aurea Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 282. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. ciliaris Döll, Rhein. Fl. 417. 1843.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. coccinea Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 282. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. condensata Lamotte, Prodr. Fl. Plateau Central Fr., 2: 508. 1881.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. cuprea Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 282. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. flore pleno Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 282. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. floribunda Sennen, in ?
    • Calluna vulgaris var. foxii Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 282. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. hammondii Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 282. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. hirsuta (Gray) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 105. 1908.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. hypnoides Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 282. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. incana Rchb.f., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. (Reichenbach) 17: 73, t. 1162 fig. 7-11. 1854-55.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. longipetala Rouy, in?
    • Calluna vulgaris var. minima Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 282. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. patula Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 105. 1908.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. pubescens W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 476. 1835.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. pubescens Boreau, Fl. Centre France ed. 3 2: 432. 1857, nom. illeg. non W.D.J.Koch. 1835.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. purpurea G.Don, Gen. Hist. 3: 828. 1834.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. pygmaea Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 282. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. tenuis Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles ed. 1, 1: 282. 1914.
    • Calluna vulgaris var. tomentosa Bréb., Soc. Ét. Fl. Fr.-Helv. 771.
    • Erica ciliaris Huds., Fl. Angl. 144. 1762, nom. illeg. non L.. 1753
    • Erica confusa Gand., Fl. Lyon. 149. 1875.
    • Erica glabra Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 3. 1782, nom. inval.
    • Erica herbacea Georgi, Beschr. Nation. Russ. Reich 3(4): 935. 1779.
    • Erica lutescens K.Koch, Dendrologie 2(2): 138. 1873.
    • Erica nana K.Koch, Dendrologie 2(2): 138. 1873.
    • Erica prostrata K.Koch, Dendrologie 2(1): 138. 1872.
    • Erica reginae K.Koch, Dendrologie 2(1): 138. 1872.
    • Erica sagittifolia var. villosa Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 371. 1812.
    • Erica vulgaris var. alba Weston, Bot. Univ. 1: 18. 1770.

Distribution[правіць]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Føroyar, Great Britain, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic, Slovakia), Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Corse, France, Portugal, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Bulgaria, Italy, Romania, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Montenegro, Serbia & Kosovo, Macedonia).
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Morocco.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Madeira.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Krasnoyarsk, West Siberia.
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Turkey.

Introduced occurrences:

  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • British Columbia.
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia.
  • Continental: Antarctic
    • Regional: Subantarctic Islands
      • Crozet Islands, Falkland Islands.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[правіць]

Primary references[правіць]

Links[правіць]

Vernacular names[правіць]

العربية: حشيشة المكنسة
žemaitėška: Šėlā
башҡортса: Ябай арса
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Верас
беларуская: Верас
català: Bruguerola
kaszëbsczi: Wrzos
čeština: Vřes obecný
Cymraeg: Grug mêl
dansk: Hedelyng
Deutsch: Besenheide
English: Heather
Esperanto: Kaluno
español: Brecina
eesti: Kanarbik
euskara: Ainar arrunt
فارسی: علف جاروب
suomi: Kanerva
føroyskt: Vanligur heiðalyngur
Nordfriisk: Hiaskrüüs
français: Callune
Gaeilge: Fraoch
galego: Queiroa
hrvatski: Obični Vrijes
magyar: Csarab
հայերեն: Հավամրգի
íslenska: Beitilyng
italiano: Brugo
日本語: ギョリュウモドキ属
қазақша: Көкбұта
한국어: 칼루나
lumbaart: Brugh
lietuvių: Šilinis Viržis
latviešu: Sila virsis
മലയാളം: കാലൂണ
кырык мары: Йӓнгӓршуды
Mirandés: Urç
эрзянь: Урядыця куракш
norsk bokmål: Røsslyng
Nedersaksies: Bezemheed
Nederlands: Struikhei
norsk nynorsk: Røsslyng
norsk: Røsslyng
Ирон: Мыдæг
polski: Wrzos Zwyczajny
português: Urze
rumantsch: Brutg
русский: Вереск
Scots: Ling
davvisámegiella: Livdnju
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Vrijes
slovenčina: Vres
српски / srpski: Vres
Seeltersk: Riesheede
svenska: Ljung
Türkçe: Süpürge otu
татарча/tatarça: Арчан
українська: Верес звичайний
vepsän kel’: Kanabr'
吴语: 帚石楠
粵語: 帚石南屬
中文: 帚石楠
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Calluna vulgaris on Wikimedia Commons. (en) – (Please translate this into беларуская.)