Calicium salicinum

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caliciales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Caliciales

Familia: Caliciaceae
Genus: Calicium
Species: Calicium salicinum

Name[edit]

Calicium salicinum Pers., 1794

Synonyms[edit]

  • Calicium lichenoides (L.) Schumach., nom. rej. prop., 1803
  • Calicium claviculare var. trachelinum Ach., 1803
  • Calicium salicinum f. xylonella (Ach.) Nádv., 1940
  • Calicium salicinum var. xylonellum (Ach.) Trevis.
  • Calicium sphaerocephalum sensu auct. brit.; 2002
  • Calicium sphaerocephalum f. trachelinum (Ach.) Erichsen, 1957
  • Calicium sphaerocephalum var. crustosum Turner & Borrer
  • Calicium sphaerocephalum var. trachelinum (Ach.) Branth & Rostr., 1869
  • Calicium sphaerocephalum var. xylonellum (Ach.) Trevis.
  • Calicium trachelinum Ach., 1808
  • Calicium trachelinum f. hemiphaeum Nyl. ex Cromb.
  • Calicium trachelinum var. hemiplodum Nyl. ex Leight.
  • Calicium trachelinum var. salicinum (Pers.) Sacc., 1910
  • Calicium xylonellum Ach., 1803
  • Cyphelium trachelinum (Ach.) Chevall., 1826
  • Mucor lichenoides L., 1753
  • Phacotrum sphaerocephalum sensu Gray, 2002

References[edit]

  • Pers., Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 7: 20 (1794)
  • Persoon, C.H. (1794) Einige Bemerkungen über die Flechten: Nebst Beschreibungen einiger neuer Arten aus dieser Familie der Aftermoose. - Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 7: 1–32.   (Mattick Rec.# 31958 - Literature on Lichens)
  • Dobson, F.S. (2000) (Fourth edition) Calicium (pp. 83-85) In, Lichens: An illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. The Richmond Publishing Co., Ltd., Slough, England, 431 pp.   (RLL List # 184 / Rec. # 22402 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Calicium salicinum, description and photo: p. 84)
  • Goward, T. 1999. The lichens of British Columbia - Illustrated Keys - Part 2 - Fruticose Species. Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Forests Research Program, 319 pp. (RLL List # 176 / Rec.# 6980 - Recent Literature on Lichens) Online Reference page. : Calicium (pp. 70-75) (Calicium salicinum, description: p. 74)
  • Purvis, O.W.; Coppins, B.J.; Hawksworth, D.L.; James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) (1992) Caliciuim (pp. 138-141) In, The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp.   (RLL List # 151 / Rec. # 15105 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Calicium salicinum: p. 141)
  • Selva, S.B. 2014: The calicioid lichens and fungi of the Acadian Forest ecoregion of northeastern North America, II. The rest of the story. The Bryologist 117(4): 336–367.   (BioOne)   (Calicium salicinum: p. 340)
  • Thomson, J.W. (1997) Calicium (pp. 142-146). In American Arctic Lichens: 2. The Microlichens. The University of Wisconsin Press, 675 pages.   (RLL List # 170 / Rec. # 18517 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Calicium salicinum, description: pp. 143-44; map: p. 144)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Calicium (pp. 51-52). In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages.   (RLL List # 190 / Rec. # 24161 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Calicium salicinum: p. 52)
  • Tibell, L. (1977) Lavordningen Caliciales i Sverige. Inledning och slaktet Calicium. The lichen order Caliciales in Sweden. Introduction and the genus Calicium. - Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 71: 239–259. (RLL List # 100 / Rec. # 18596 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Calicium salicinum illustration: fig. 17)
  • Tibell, L. (1999) Calicioid lichens and fungi. - In: Ahti, T/Jørgensen, PM/Kristinsson, H/Moberg, R/Søchting, U/Thor, G (eds.): Nordic Lichen Flora. Volume 1. Introductory Parts. Calicioid Lichens and Fungi. Nordic Lichen Society, Uddevalla, pp. 20-94.   (RLL List # 182 / Rec. # 21646 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Calicium salicinum illustration: plate 2)
  • Tibell, L. and Kalb, K. (1992) Calicium in the tropical and subtropical Americas. Nova Hedwigia 55: 11–36.   (RLL List # 150 / Rec. # 18581 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Calicium salicinum illustration: fig. 14)
  • Tibell, L. and Ryan, B.D. (2004) Calicium (pp. 39-44) In: Nash III, T.H., Ryan, B.D., Diederich, P., Gries, C., and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages.   (RLL List # 196 / Rec. # 25877 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Calicium salicinum: p. 43)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Calicium (pp. 201-207) - Teil 1 - In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German.   (RLL List # 159 / Rec. # 20405 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Calicium salicinum, description: p. 207; photo: p. 203)

Links to photos[edit]

  • The Lichen Herbarium, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway (Photo Gallery) - Calicium salicinum

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Spike lichen;   Rusted stubble