Calanthe triplicata

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Calanthe triplicata

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Collabieae
Genus: Calanthe
Species: Calanthe triplicata

Name

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Calanthe triplicata (Willemet) Ames, Philipp. J. Sci., C 2: 326 (1907) ("triplicatis").

Synonymy

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  • Basionym
    • Orchis triplicata Willemet, Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 18: 52 (1796).
  • Homotypic
  • Heterotypic
    • Limodorum ventricosum Steud., Nomencl. Bot.: 481 (1821)
    • Calanthe furcata Bateman ex Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 24 (Misc.): 28 (1838)
    • Calanthe veratrifolia var. australis Linden, Paxton's Fl. Gard. 2: 133 (1851)
    • Calanthe gracillima Lindl., Fol. Orchid. 6: 8 (1855)
    • Calanthe catilligera Rchb.f., Bonplandia (Hannover) 5: 37 (1857)
    • Calanthe veratrifolia var. stenochila Rchb.f., Hamburger Garten- Blumenzeitung 13: 313 (1857)
    • Calanthe triantherifera Nadeaud, Énum. Pl. Tahiti: 38 (1873)
    • Calanthe angraeciflora Rchb.f., Linnaea 41: 75 (1876)
    • Calanthe petri Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 14: 326 (1880)
    • Calanthe bracteosa Rchb.f., Flora 65: 533 (1882)
    • Calanthe anchorifera Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 19: 166 (1883)
    • Calanthe proboscidea Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 21: 476 (1884)
    • Calanthe colorans Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 23: 360 (1885)
    • Bletia quadrifida Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 851 (1890), nom. inval.
    • Calanthe diploxiphion Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 849 (1890)
    • Alismorkis angraeciflora (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891)
    • Alismorkis diploxiphion (Hook.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891)
    • Alismorkis furcata (Bateman ex Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891)
    • Alismorkis gracillima (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891)
    • Calanthe matsumurana Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 2: 168 (1906)
    • Calanthe brevicolumna Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30 (1): 328 (1911)
    • Calanthe nephroglossa Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 99 (1911)
    • Calanthe orthocentron Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1: 380 (1912)
    • Calanthe veratrifolia var. kennyi F.M.Bailey, Queensland Agric. J. 28: 276 (1912)
    • Calanthe anthropophora Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 5: 167 (1915)
    • Calanthe veratrifolia var. dupliciloba J.J.Sm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 5: 69 (1922)
    • Calanthe pubescens Ridl., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1923: 117 (1923)
    • Calanthe breviflos Ridl., J. Bot. 63(Suppl.): 117 (1925)
    • Calanthe triplicata var. minahassae Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 177 (1925)
    • Calanthe veratrifolia var. timorensis J.J.Sm., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 110 (1934)
    • Calanthe furcata f. albolineata K.Nakaj., J. Geobot. 17: 81 (1969)
    • Calanthe furcata f. albomarginata K.Nakaj., J. Geobot. 17: 55 (1969)
    • Calanthe furcata f. brevicolumna (Hayata) M.Hiroe, Orchid Flowers 2: 87 (1971)
    • Calanthe triplicata f. albolineata (K.Nakaj.) Hatus., Fl. Ryukyus: 862 (1971)
    • Calanthe triplicata f. albomarginata (K.Nakaj.) K.Nakaj., Biol. Mag. 10: 29 (1973)
    • Calanthe rubicallosa Masam., J. Geobot. 23(2): t. 7 (1975)
    • Calanthe triplicata var. angraeciflora (Rchb.f.) N.Hallé, Fl. Nouv.-Caléd. 8: 230 (1977)
    • Calanthe triplicata f. purpureoflora S.S.Ying, Col. Ill. Orch. Taiwan 2: 127 (1990), nom. inval., no type indicated.
    • Calanthe triplicata var. gracillima (Lindl.) N.Hallé, Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 43: 41 (1998)
    • Calanthe australasica D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem., Austral. Orchid Res. 5: 8 (2006)

Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
  • Asia-Temperate
    • China
      • China South-Central, Hainan, China Southeast.
    • Eastern Asia
      • Kazan-retto, Nansei-shoto, Ogasawara-shoto, Taiwan.
  • Asia-Tropical
    • Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, East Himalaya, India, Sri Lanka.
    • Indo-China
      • Andaman Islands, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
    • Malesia
      • Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Peninsular Malaysia, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera.
    • Papuasia
      • Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands.
  • Australasia
    • Australia
      • Norfolk Islands, New South Wales, Queensland.
  • Pacific
    • Southwestern Pacific
      • Fiji, New Caledonia, Samoa, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis-Futuna Islands.
    • South-Central Pacific
      • Society Islands, Tubuai Islands.
    • Northwestern Pacific
      • Caroline Islands, Marianas.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

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Primary references

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Additional references

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Vernacular names

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русский: Каланта трёхскладчатая
Tiếng Việt: Kiều hoa xếp ba
中文: 白鶴蘭, 三褶虾脊兰, 肉连环, 石上蕉
中文(简体): 白鹤兰, 三褶虾脊兰
中文(繁體): 白鶴蘭

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