Alternanthera sessilis

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Alternanthera sessilis

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Amaranthaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Gomphrenoideae
Genus: Alternanthera
Species: Alternanthera sessilis

Name[edit]

Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC., Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp. 77. (1813)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Gomphrena sessilis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 225. (1753)
      • Type locality: "Habitat in India".
      • Lectotype (designated by Mears 1980, Taxon 29: 89.): Sri Lanka. Herb. Hermann 2: 9, No. 116. BM BM000621528 (Position on page: centre; On same page as BM000621524, BM000621525, BM000621526, BM000621527, BM000621529, BM000621530 and BM000621531).
  • Homotypic
    • Achyranthes sessilis (L.) Besser, Cat. Jard. Bot. Krzemieniec 12. (1810)
    • Achyranthes sessilis (L.) Desf. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steudel], ed. 2. 1: 16. (1840)
    • Alternanthera sessilis R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 417 (1810), nom. inval.
    • Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. (ed. 15 bis) 5: 554. (1819), isonym
    • Illecebrum sessile (L.) L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1: 300. (1762)
    • Paronychia sessilis (L.) Desf., Tabl. École Bot., ed. 2. 45. (1815)
    • Achyranthes ficoidea var. sessilis (L.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 259. (1805)
  • Heterotypic (ref. Govaerts 2019, Hassler 2019)
    • Achyranthes triandra Roxb., Hort. Bengal.: 19 (1814), Fl. Ind. (Carey & Wallich ed.) 2: 505; Fl. Ind. (Roxburgh) i. 678 (1832) (1824).
      • Lectotype (designated by Turner 2013: 153.): [Icon] Rheede, Hort. Malab. 10: t. 11. 1690
    • Achyranthes villosa Blanco, Fl. Filip. [F.M. Blanco] 189 (1837), nom. illeg. (later homonym of Achyranthes villosa Forssk., 1775).
    • Alternanthera prostrata D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 76 (1825).
    • Alternanthera sibirica (Vent. ex Schult.) Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steudel], ed. 2. 1: 65 (1840).
    • Illecebrum denticulatum (R.Br.) Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16 [Sprengel] 1: 820 (1824).
    • Illecebrum indicum Houtt., Nat. Hist. II. vii. 713, t. 43, fig. 3 (1777); Christm. Pflanzensyst. v. 731, t. 43, fig. 3 (1779); fide Merrill in Journ. Arn. Arb. 1938, xix. 336, in syn.
    • Illecebrum sibiricum Vent. ex Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis [Roemer & Schultes] 5: 516 (1819).
    • Illecebrum triandrum Buch.-Ham. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 360 (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Paronychia dubia hort. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 361 (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Paronychia tetragona Moench, Methodus (Moench) 315 (1794).
    • Steiremis sessilifolia Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 41 (1837).
  • (+ ref. Hassler 2019)
    • Achyranthes nodiflora (Willd.) Roxb., Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. ii. 505 (1824); Fl. Ind., ed. Carey, i. 678 (1832).
    • Allaganthera forskohlei Mart., Hort. Erlang. 69 (1814).
    • Alternanthera achyranthes Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. lix, 28. (1775)., as "achyranth."
    • Alternanthera denticulata Wall., Numer. List [Wallich] n. 6922 (1832), nom. illeg. (later homonym of Alternanthera denticulata R.Br. 1810).
    • Alternanthera dubia hort. Paris. ex Moq.,Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 361 (1849), nom. inval. (homonym of Alternanthera dubia Kunth, 1818).
    • Alternanthera ficoidea var. amoena (Lem.) L.B.Sm. & Downs, Fl. Ilustr. Catarin. [Amara]: 62. (1972) [synonymized with Alternanthera bettzickiana by Govaerts 2019]
    • Alternanthera ficoides Rchb. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 357 (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Alternanthera nodiflora R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 417 (1810). [accepted species by Govaerts 2019]
    • Alternanthera sennii Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo ix. 21 (1910).
    • Alternanthera sessilis var. amoena Lem., Ill. Hort. 12: t. 447. (1865) [synonymized with Alternanthera bettzickiana by Govaerts 2019]
    • Alternanthera sessilis var. nodiflora (R.Br.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 540. (1891)
    • Alternanthera triandra Lam., Encycl. [J. Lamarck & al.] 1(1): 95 (1783), nom. illeg. superfl. (for Alternanthera achyranth.)
    • Telanthera polygonoides Seem., Bot. Voy. Herald [Seemann] 10: 407 (1857). (later homonym of Telanthera polygonoides Moq. (1849).
  • (+ Synonyms for Alternanthera polygonoides, as basionym is nom. rej. 2018)
    • Alternanthera polygonoides R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 417 (1810), nom. inval.
    • Alternanthera polygonoides (L.) R.Br. ex Sweet, Hort. Suburb. Lond. 48 (1818), nom. rej.
    • Achyranthes polygonoides (L.) Lam., Encycl. [J. Lamarck & al.] 1(2): 547 (1785), nom. illeg. (later homonym of Achyranthes polygonoides Retz., 1781)
    • Bucholzia polygonoides (L.) Mart., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. (Martius) 2(1): 51 (1826).
    • Gomphrena polygonoides L., Sp. Pl. 1: 225 (1753), nom. rej.
    • Illecebrum polygonoides (L.) L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1: 300 (1762).
    • Telanthera polygonoides (L.) Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 363 (1849).
    • Alternanthera virgata Spreng. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 364 (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Celosia nodiflora Salzm. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 364 (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Gomphrena brasiliensis hort. Aven. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 364 (1849), nom. inval. in syn.

Homonyms[edit]

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:

Tropics and subtropics worldwide, widespread


References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Sessile Joyweed, Dwarf Copperleaf
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Alternanthera sessilis on Wikimedia Commons.