Brachypodium pinnatum

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Brachypodium pinnatum

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Pooideae
Tribus: Brachypodieae
Genus: Brachypodium
Species: Brachypodium pinnatum

Name[edit]

Brachypodium pinnatum (L.) P.Beauv., 1812

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Agropyron pinnatum (L.) Chevall. in Fl. Gén. Env. Paris 2: 195 (1827)
    • Avena laeta Salisb. in Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 22 (1796), nom. superfl.
    • Brachypodium corniculatum Dumort. in Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 100 (1824), nom. superfl.
    • Bromus corniculatus Lam. in Fl. Franç. 3: 608 (1779), nom. superfl.
    • Bromus pinnatus L. in Sp. Pl.: 78 (1753)
    • Festuca pinnata (L.) Huds. in Fl. Angl., ed. 2: 48 (1778)
    • Tragus pinnatus (L.) Panz. in Ideen Rev. Gräser: 49 (1813)
    • Triticum bromoides Weber in F.H.Wiggers, Prim. Fl. Holsat.: 11 (1780), nom. superfl.
    • Triticum pinnatum (L.) Moench in Enum. Pl. Hass.: 53 (1777)
    • Triticum pinnatum var. corniculatum Mathieu in Fl. Gén. Belgique 1: 633 (1854), not validly publ.
  • Heterotypic
    • Agropyron gracile Chevall. in Fl. Gén. Env. Paris 2: 196 (1827)
    • Brachypodium abbreviatum Dumort. in Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 99 (1824)
    • Brachypodium barrelieri Roem. & Schult. in Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 741 (1817)
    • Brachypodium caespitosum var. collinum Rchb. in Agrostogr. Germ.: 6, t. 17 (1834), nom. nud.
    • Brachypodium cespitosum Roem. & Schult. in Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 737 (1817)
    • Brachypodium constrictum Hook.f. in Fl. Brit. India 7: 363 (1896), orth. var.
    • Brachypodium contractum C.Presl in Gram. Sicul.: 24 (1818)
    • Brachypodium genuense (DC.) Roem. & Schult. in Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 742 (1817)
    • Brachypodium hickelis Sennen ex St.-Yves in Candollea 5: 441 (1934)
    • Brachypodium intermedium Schur in Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 89 (1853), pro syn.
    • Brachypodium juzepczukii (Tzvelev) Tzvelev in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 46: 95 (2015)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. abbreviatum (Dumort.) Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 634 (1901)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. barrelieri (Ten.) J.Woods in Tourist's Fl.: 417 (1850)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. bracteatum Le Gall in Fl. Morbihan: 741-742 (1852)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. brevius Gray in Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 112 (1821 publ. 1822)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum subsp. caespitosum (Host) Hack. in Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 10-11: 32 (1914)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. cespitosum (Host) Mert. & W.D.J.Koch in Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 818 (1837)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. cespitosum (Host) W.D.J.Koch in Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 818 (1838)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum f. cespitosum (Host) Bolzon in Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1903: 39 (1903)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum proles cespitosum (Host) Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 296 (1913)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum subsp. cespitosum (Host) Hack. in Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 21: 85 (1915)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. collinum (Rchb.) Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 634 (1901)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum f. collinum (Rchb.) Posp. in Fl. Oesterr. Küstenl. 1: 137 (1897)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. genuense (DC.) J.Woods in Tourist's Fl.: 417 (1850)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. glabratum Spenn. in Fl. Friburg. 1: 154 (1825)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. glabrescens Coss. & Germ. in Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris, ed. 2: 843 (1861)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum subvar. glabrescens (Coss. & Germ.) St.-Yves in Candollea 5: 434 (1934)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. glabrum Rchb. in Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1: 6 (1834)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum subvar. glabrum (Rchb.) Coss. & Germ. in Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris, ed. 2: 844 (1861)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum subsp. glaucovirens Murb. in Acta Univ. Lund. 27(5): 22 (1891)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. glaucum Gaudin & Monnard in Syn. Fl. Helv.: 73 (1836)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. glomeratum Zimm. in Jahresber. Komm. Untersuch. Dornbirn 1894-1895: 6 (1895)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. gracile Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 633 (1901), nom. illeg.
    • Brachypodium pinnatum subsp. gracile Soó in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972), nom. illeg.
    • Brachypodium pinnatum subvar. gracile St.-Yves in Candollea 5: 442 (1934), nom. illeg.
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. hispidum (Parn.) Plues in Brit. Grass.: 221 (1867)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum subsp. juzepczukii Tzvelev in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 38: 71 (2006)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum f. leiostachys Soó in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972), no replaced synonym ref.
    • Brachypodium pinnatum subsp. ligulatum Buia in Bul. Acad. Stud. Agron. Cluj 6: 205 (1936)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. ligulatum (Buia) Anghel & Beldie in T.Săvulescu, Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 343 (1972)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. macedonicum Kit. in Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya 1: 485 (1963), no type indicated.
    • Brachypodium pinnatum subvar. megastachyum (R.Uechtr. ex Asch. & Graebn.) Hayek in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 216 (1933)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. megastachyum R.Uechtr. ex Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 633 (1901)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum f. minus (Schur) Anghel & Beldie in T.Săvulescu, Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 344 (1972)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. minus Schur in Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 799 (1866)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum f. patens Merino & Roman in Fl. Galicia 3: 399 (1909)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. pubescens Rchb. in Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 19 (1830)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum f. pubescens Pamp. in Boll. Mus. Republ. San Marino 1: 141 (1917), nom. illeg.
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. pubescens Gray in Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 112 (1821 publ. 1822)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum subsp. rupestre (Host) Schübl. & G.Martens in Fl. Würtemberg: 48 (1834)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. rupestre (Host) Rchb. in Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1: 6 (1834)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum proles rupestre (Host) Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 296 (1913)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum subvar. rupestre (Host) St.-Yves in Candollea 5: 439 (1934)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum subsp. rupestre (Host) Schübl. & G.Martens in Fl. Würtemberg: 48 (1834)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. setifolium (Schur) Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 634 (1901)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum f. setifolium (Schur) Bolzon in Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 20: 318 (1913)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. villosissimum Domin in Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 18: 72 (1904)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum subvar. villosum (Lej. & Courtois) St.-Yves in Candollea 5: 431 (1934)
    • Brachypodium pinnatum var. villosum Lej. & Courtois in Comp. Fl. Belg. 1: 100 (1828)
    • Brachypodium ponticum Velen. in Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 37: 71 (1892 publ. 1893)
    • Brachypodium rupestre (Host) Roem. & Schult. in Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 736 (1817)
    • Brachypodium rupestre f. abbreviatum (Dumort.) Soó in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972)
    • Brachypodium rupestre subsp. cespitosum (Host) H.Scholz in Willdenowia 5: 116 (1968)
    • Brachypodium rupestre f. scholzii Soó in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972), no type indicated.
    • Brachypodium rupestre var. setifolium (Schur) Soó in Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972)
    • Brachypodium setifolium Schur in Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 800 (1866)
    • Brachypodium tenerum Velen. in Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 10: 34 (1904)
    • Brachypodium tenoreanum Schult. in Mant. 2: 405 (1824)
    • Bromus cespitosus Host in Icon. Descr. Gram. Austriac. 4: t. 18 (1809)
    • Bromus fragilis Schrank in Baier. Fl. 1: 370 (1789)
    • Bromus gracilis Leyss. in Fl. Halens., ed. 2: 26 (1783), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus gracilis var. pauper Schrank in Baier. Fl. 1: 370 (1789)
    • Bromus pinnatus var. gracilis Lilj. in Utkast Sv. Fl., ed. 2: 51 (1798)
    • Bromus pinnatus var. tigurinus Suter in Helvet. Fl. 1: 65 (1802)
    • Bromus rupestris Host in Icon. Descr. Gram. Austriac. 4: t. 17 (1809)
    • Bromus strictus Haller f. in Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 1(2): 10 (1797), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus tigurinus Suter in Helvet. Fl. 1: 65 (1802)
    • Festuca barrelieri Ten. in Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): IX (1811)
    • Festuca genuensis (DC.) Pollini in Fl. Veron. 1: 126 (1822)
    • Festuca pinnata var. glabra Coss. & Germ. in Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris 2: 643 (1845)
    • Festuca rupestris (Host) Roth in Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1(1): 311 (1827)
    • Triticum barrelieri (Ten.) Kunth in Révis. Gramin. 1: 145 (1829)
    • Triticum genuense DC. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck & A.P.de Candolle, Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 6: 284 (1815)
    • Triticum pinnatum var. abbreviatum (Dumort.) Mathieu in Fl. Gén. Belgique 1: 633 (1854)
    • Triticum pinnatum var. compositum Parn. in Grass. Britain: 294 (1845)
    • Triticum pinnatum var. hirsutum Parn. in Grass. Britain: 296 (1845)
    • Triticum pinnatum var. hispidum Parn. in Grass. Britain: 294 (1845)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Eurasia
      • Albania, Altay, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Eritrea, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Mongolia, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern America
      • Morocco
    • Introduced into:
      • California, Massachusetts, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Oregon

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Deutsch: Fieder-Zwenke
English: Tor-grass
suomi: Mäkilehtoluste
polski: Kłosownica pierzasta
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Brachypodium pinnatum on Wikimedia Commons.