Blumea balsamifera

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Blumea balsamifera
Blumea balsamifera


Taxonavigation: Asterales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Inuleae
Subtribus: Inulinae
Genus: Blumea
Species: Blumea balsamifera



Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC., Prodr. 5:447. 1836


  • Homotypic
    • Baccharis balsamifera (L.) Stokes in Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 204 (1812)
    • Baccharis salvia Lour. in Fl. Cochinch. 2: 494 (1790)
    • Conyza balsamifera L. in Sp. Pl., ed. 2.: 1208 (1763)
    • Placus balsamifer (L.) Baill. in Hist. Pl. 8: 303 (1882)
    • Pluchea balsamifera (L.) Less. in Linnaea 6: 150 (1831)
  • Heterotypic
    • Baccharis gratissima Blume ex DC. in Prodr. 5: 447 (1836)
    • Blumea appendiculata DC. in Prodr. 5: 447 (1836)
    • Blumea balsamifera var. microcephala Kitam. in Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 23: 66 (1968)
    • Blumea densiflora var. excisa (DC.) C.B.Clarke in Compos. Ind.: 89 (1876)
    • Blumea excisa DC. in Prodr. 5: 446 (1836)
    • Blumea grandis DC. in Prodr. 5: 447 (1836)
    • Blumea zollingeriana C.B.Clarke in Compos. Ind.: 90 (1876)
    • Conyza appendiculata Blume in Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 895 (1826), nom. illeg.
    • Conyza grandis Wall. in Numer. List: n.° 3051 (1831), not validly publ.
    • Conyza vestita Wall. in Numer. List: n.° 2998 (1831), not validly publ.
    • Pluchea appendiculata Zoll. & Moritzi in Natuur- Geneesk. Arch. Ned.-Indië 2: 249 (1845)


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia
      • China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan), Taiwan, India (C- to E-Himalaya, E- & NE-India, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Darjeeling, Duars), Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Culion, Balabac, Negros, Leyte, Samar, Camiguin, Siargao, Mindanao, Basilan, Tawi-Tawi), Palawan, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Java, New Guinea (alpine), Burma (widespread), peninsular Malaysia, Christmas Isl. (Austr.), Andamans (North Andamans, Middle Andamans, South Andamans, Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobars (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobars, Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition



Vernacular names

English: Ngai camphor
suomi: Kamferikasvi
français: Sambong
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Blumea balsamifera on Wikimedia Commons.