Turraeanthus africanus

From Wikispecies
(Redirected from Bingeria africana)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Turraeanthus africanus


Taxonavigation: Sapindales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Sapindales

Familia: Meliaceae
Subfamilia: Melioideae
Tribus: Guareeae
Genus: Turraeanthus
Species: Turraeanthus africanus


Turraeanthus africanus (Welw. ex C.DC.) Pellegr., Notul. Syst. (Paris) 2: 16, 68 (1911); as africana


  • Basionym
    • Guarea africana Welw. ex C.DC., in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 1: 576 (1878); as G. Africana
  • Homotypic
    • Bingeria africana (Welw. ex C.DC.) A.Chev., Vég. Ut. Afr. Trop. Franç. 5: 189 (1909)
  • Heterotypic
    • Turraeanthus zenkeri Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 23: 156 (1896); as T. Zenkeri; not accepted by Robyns & al. (1948–1963), Hutchinson, Dalziel & Keay (1954–1958) and Voorhoeve (1965: 276) [cited as Turraeanthus africanus]
      • Syntypi: Zenker & Staudt 306 (13 April 1894; cf. COI(-COI00074333, without any type indication), K(-K000432091, without any type indication), P(-MNHN-P-P00391483, type of 'Uncertain status')) and Zenker 763 (23 February 1895; K (cf. K000432092, without any type indication); cf. COI-COI00074332, without any type indication).
        • Note: Voorhoeve (1965: 276) treats only the latter as type. The elements of the 'type-protologue' provided by Tropicos ('Bipinde', 'Zenker 155', 'herb. Deless.') are indeed found in C. de Candolle, Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 10: 122 (1907).
      • Type locality: Kamerun[Cameroon]. Yaunde-Station.
        • Zenker & Staudt 306: eine Stunde östlich von der Station, Thon mit Laterit, an feuchten, halbschattigen Orten[an hour east of the station, clay with laterite, in damp, half-shady places].
        • Zenker 763: bei der Station.
    • Turraeanthus klainei Pierre ex De Wild., Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., sér. 5, 1: 272 (1906), nom. nud.; not accepted by Voorhoeve (1965: 276) [cited as Turraeanthus africanus]
    • Turraeanthus malchairii De Wild., Études Fl. Bangala & Ubangi: 332 (1911); not accepted by Robyns & al. (1948–1963) and Voorhoeve (1965: 276) [cited as Turraeanthus africanus]
      • Typus: Malchair 281 (BR).
    • Turraeanthus vignei Hutch. & Dalziel, Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 1: 496 (1928); not accepted by Hutchinson, Dalziel & Keay (1954–1958) and Voorhoeve (1965: 276) [cited as Turraeanthus africanus]
      • Typus: C. Vigne 948 (K-K000432095; specimens with the same collector and number but without any type indication: K000432096, K000432097).
      • Type locality: [Ghana.] Cape Coast District.


The species epithet given by Pellegrin in the first publication is africana, but it should be in masculine form, i.e. africanus per the ICN (ed. 2017, Art. 62.2 (c)): "Compounds ending in ‑ceras, ‑dendron, ‑nema, ‑stigma, ‑stoma, and other neuter words, are neuter. An exception is made for names ending in ‑anthos (or ‑anthus), ‑chilos (‑chilus or ‑cheilos), and ‑phykos (‑phycos or ‑phycus), which ought to be neuter, because that is the gender of the Greek words άνθος, anthos, χείλος, cheilos, and φύκος, phykos, but are treated as masculine in accordance with tradition."


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Cameroon, Central Africal Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Zaïre
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Uganda
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • Robyns, W. et al. (eds.) 1948–1963. Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1–10.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. 1954. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Vol. 1(1), 2nd ed. Pp. I–VIII, 1–295. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, London. Reference page
  • Irvine, F.R. 1961. Woody Plants of Ghana: With Special Reference to Their Uses. London: Oxford University Press. Google Books Reference page
  • Voorhoeve, A.G. 1965. Liberian High Forest Trees: A Systematic Botanical Study of the 75 Most Important or Frequent High Forest Trees, with Reference to Numerous Related Species. Centre for Agricultural Publications and Documentation, Wageningen. PDF Reference page


Vernacular names[edit]

Akan: Wogya
français: Avodiré
日本語: アボジレ
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Turraeanthus africanus on Wikimedia Commons.