Biatora vernalis

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Biatoraceae
Genus: Biatora
Species: Biatora vernalis

Name[edit]

Biatora vernalis (L.) Fr., 1822


Basionym: Lichen vernalis L., 1768.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Biatora helvola subsp. minor (Nyl.) Räsänen, 1939
  • Biatorina vernalis (L.) Kernst., 1892
  • Bilimbia vernalis (L.) Trevis., 1856
  • Lecidea luteola var. vernalis (L.) Overeem, 1922
  • Lecidea subvernalis Stirt., 1874
  • Lecidea vernalis (L.) Ach., 1803
  • Lecidea vernalis f. minor Nyl., 1866
  • Lecidea vernalis subsp. minor (Nyl.) Nyl. ex Norrl., 1873
  • Lichen vernalis L., 1753
  • Patellaria vernalis (L.) Spreng., 1827
  • Pyrrhospora vernalis (L.) M.Choisy, 1950
  • Secoliga vernalis (L.) Norman, 1853
  • Verrucaria vernalis (L.) Baumg., 1790

References[edit]

  • Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 1822: 271. (1822)
  • Fries K. svenska Vetensk-Akad. Handl.: 271 (1822)
  • Fries, E. (1821)?. Beskrifning pa nya Lafslägten. Första Styket. -Kongl. Vetensk. Akad. Handl. II: 320–330.
  • Davydov, E.A. and Printzen, C. (2012) Rare and noteworthy boreal lichens from the Altai Mountains (South Siberia, Russia) The Bryologist 115 (1): 61–73. (DOI: 10.1639/0007-2745.115.1.61)
  • Printzen, C. and Tønsberg, T. (1999) The lichen genus Biatora in northwestern North America. The Bryologist 102 (4): 692–713.   (RLL List # 178 / Rec. # 14997 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (JSTOR)
  • Brodo, I.M., S.D. Sharnoff, and S. Sharnoff. 2001 Biatora (page 176) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Discussion and map of Biatora vernalis: p. 176; photo: p. 176, plate 130)
  • Purvis, O.W, B.J. Coppins, D.L. Hawksworth, P.W. James and D.M. Moore (eds.) 1992. Biatora, pp. 118-121. In The lichen flora of Great Britain and Ireland. The British Lichen Society, London, 710 pp. (Biatora vernalis: p. 121)
  • Thomson, J.W. (1997) American Arctic Lichens: 2. The Microlichens. The University of Wisconsin Press, 675 pages.   (RLL List # 170 / Rec. # 18517 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (as Lecidea vernalis, description and photo p. 390)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Biatora (pages 44-45). In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages.   (RLL List # 190 / Rec. # 24161 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Biatora vernalis: p. 45)

Links to photos[edit]

  • The Lichen Herbarium, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway (Photo Gallery) - Biatora vernalis

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Spring biatora lichen