Berberis vulgaris

От Wikispecies
Направо към навигацията Направо към търсенето
Berberis vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, Oberthern, Heldenberg municipality, Niederösterreich, Austria
Berberis vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, fructus, Cradley, Malvern, Worcestershire, England

Класификация[редактиране]

Класификация: Ranunculales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Ranunculales

Familia: Berberidaceae
Subfamilia: Berberidoideae
Genus: Berberis
Species: Berberis vulgaris

Име[редактиране]

Berberis vulgaris L., Sp. Pl. 1: 330 (1753).

Синоними[редактиране]

  • Homotypic
    • Berberis racemosa Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 296 (1812).
  • Heterotypic
    • Berberis abortiva P.Renault, Fl. Orne: 179 (1804).
    • Berberis acida Gilib., Exerc. Phyt. 1: 284 (1792).
    • Berberis aethnensis Bourg. ex Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 901 (1880).
    • Berberis alba (Weston) Poit. & Turpin in H.L.Duhamel du Monceau, Traité Arbr. Fruit., ed. 3, 2: t. 52 (1808).
    • Berberis angulizans Ilsemann, Neubert's Deutsch. Gart.-Mag. 40: 164 (1887).
    • Berberis apyrena (Schrad.) K.Koch, Dendrologie 1: 395 (1869).
    • Berberis arborescens K.Koch, Dendrologie 1: 393 (1869).
    • Berberis articulata Loisel. in G.-F.Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 6: 218 (1806).
    • Berberis vulgaris var. aspera Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 7: 2 (1829).
    • Berberis vulgaris var. asperma Willd., Berlin. Baumz.: 34 (1796).
    • Berberis asperma Poit. & Turpin in H.L.Duhamel du Monceau, Traité Arbr. Arbust., re-issue, 4: 12 (1825).
    • Berberis aurea Tausch, Flora 17: 495 (1834).
    • Berberis bigelovii Schrad., Linnaea 12: 362 (1838).
    • Berberis calliobotrys Bien. ex Aitch., J. Linn. Soc. 19: 151 (1882).
    • Berberis vulgaris subsp. cantabrica Rivas Mart., T.E.Díaz, Fern.Prieto, Loidi & Penas, Vegetacion Picos de Europa: 257 (1984).
    • Berberis corallina Hort. ex Handl., Trees Kew, Pt. 1: (Polypet.): 27 (1894).
    • Berberis crenulata Schrad., Linnaea 12: 362 (1838).
    • Berberis croatica Horvat ex Kusan, Acta Bot. Croat. 28: 431 (1969).
    • Berberis dentata Tausch, Flora 21: 729 (1838).
    • Berberis dulcis (Loudon) K.Koch, Dendrologie 1: 395 (1869).
    • Berberis dumetorum Gouan, Fl. Monsp.: 312 (1765).
    • Berberis edulis K.Koch, Dendrologie 1: 395 (1869).
    • Berberis elongata Hort. ex Handl., Trees Kew, Pt. 1: (Polypet.): 27 (1894).
    • Berberis emarginata Willd., Enum. Hort. Berol. 395 (1809).
    • Berberis globularis Hort. ex Handl., Trees Kew, Pt. 1: (Polypet.): 27 (1894).
    • Berberis hakodate Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 3: 117 (1893).
    • Berberis heterophylla K.Koch, Dendrologie 1: 395 (1869).
    • Berberis iberica Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1: 13 (1826).
    • Berberis vulgaris var. ilicifolia Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 7: 2 (1829).
    • Berberis ilicifolia Booth ex Steud., Nomencl. ed. 2. 1: 197 (1840) non L.f..
    • Berberis innominata Kielm., Dec. Pl. Horti Tuebing.: 18 (1814).
    • Berberis vulgaris var. innominata Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 7: 2 (1829).
    • Berberis irritabilis Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 213 (1796).
    • Berberis jacquinii K.Koch, Dendrologie 1: 394 (1869).
    • Berberis latifolia Poit. & Turpin, Pomol. Franç. 2: t. 60 (1873).
    • Berberis laxiflora Schrad., Linnaea 12: 867 (1838).
    • Berberis vulgaris var. lutea DC., Syst. Nat. 2: 6 (1821).
    • Berberis lycium K.Koch, Dendrologie 1: 393 (1869).
    • Berberis macracantha Schrad., Linnaea 12: 366 (1838).
    • Berberis marginata K.Koch, Dendrologie 1: 394 (1869).
    • Berberis maxima Hort. ex Handl., Trees Kew, Pt. 1: (Polypet.): 27 (1894).
    • Berberis maximowiczii Regel, Gartenflora 21: 238 (1872).
    • Berberis microphylla F.Dietr., Vollst. Lex. Gärtn. 2: 184 (1802).
    • Berberis mitis Schrad., Linnaea 10(Litt.): 69 (1836).
    • Berberis nepalensis K.Koch, Dendrologie 1: 393 (1869).
    • Berberis vulgaris var. nigra DC., Syst. Nat. 2: 6 (1821).
    • Berberis nitens Schrad., Linnaea 12: 382 (1838).
    • Berberis obovata Schrad., Linnaea 12: 385 (1838).
    • Berberis orientalis C.K.Schneid., Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 5: 666 (1905).
    • Berberis vulgaris subsp. orientalis (C.K.Schneid.) Takht. in A.L.Takhtajan & A.A.Fedorov, Fl. Erevana: 60 (1972).
    • Berberis pangharengensis Hort. ex Handl., Trees Kew, Pt. 1: (Polypet.): 29 (1894).
    • Berberis pauciflora Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 213 (1796).
    • Berberis provincialis Audib. ex Schrad., Linnaea 12: 381 (1838).
    • Berberis vulgaris var. purpurea DC., Syst. Nat. 2: 6 (1821).
    • Berberis vulgaris var. rubra Willd., Berlin. Baumz.: 34 (1796).
    • Berberis rubra Poit. & Turpin in H.L.Duhamel du Monceau, Traité Arbr. Fruit., nouv. éd., 4: 12 (1830).
    • Berberis sanguinea K.Koch, Dendrologie 1: 394 (1869).
    • Berberis sanguinolenta K.Koch, Dendrologie 1: 394 (1869).
    • Berberis sibirica Schult. & Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 7: 2 (1829).
    • Berberis sieboldii Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 3: 117 (1893).
    • Berberis sulcata K.Koch & C.D.Bouché, App. Gen. Sp. Nov.: 13 (1854).
    • Berberis sylvestris Poit. & Turpin, Pomol. Franç. 2: t. 15 (1873).
    • Berberis vulgaris var. violacea Willd., Berlin. Baumz.: 34 (1796).
    • Berberis violacea Poit. & Turpin in H.L.Duhamel du Monceau, Traité Arbr. Fruit., nouv. éd., 4: 12 (1830).

Distribution[редактиране]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Sicilia, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Morocco.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Uzbekistan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Iran, Turkey.
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • British Columbia, Manitoba.
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Washington.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, South Dakota, Wisconsin.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • New Mexico.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Delaware, Maryland, Virginia.

Позовавания: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Позовавания[редактиране]

Primary references[редактиране]

Links[редактиране]

Местни имена[редактиране]

العربية: شجيرة البرباريس
azərbaycanca: Adi zirinc
беларуская: Барбарыс звычайны
български: обикновен кисел трън
català: Coralet
kaszëbsczi: Zwëczajnô słowiczëna
čeština: dřišťál obecný
Cymraeg: pren melyn
dansk: Almindelig Berberis, Berberis
Deutsch: Gewöhnliche Berberitze
Ελληνικά: Βερβερίς η κοινή, Ευρωπαϊκή οξυάκανθα
English: barberry, common barberry, European barberry
español: escabrión, abrilla, acetín, agracejo, agracejo oficinal, agracillo, agracillos, agracio, agraciu, agranzón, agrazón, agreilla, agrito, agruzejo, alargiz, alarguez, alarguiz, alguese, alrera, alro, arlera, arlo, aspalato, azota-Cristos, azote burdo, berberiles, berbero, berberís, borrachín, bérberis, bérbero, bérberoles, bérberos, espina ramosa, espina romaza, espino, espino berberino, espino cambrón, garbanzón, granado, guindillas ásperas, tapaculo, vinagrera, vinagreras
eesti: Harilik kukerpuu, Kukerpuu
فارسی: زرشک خوراکی
suomi: Ruostehappomarja
français: Épine-vinette vulgaire, Épine-vinette, Épine vinette, Epine-Vinette
Gaeilge: Barbróg
galego: Arleira, Berberiz
Gaelg: Barbrag
hrvatski: Žutika, Šimširika
hornjoserbsce: Wšědna kisyca, Čerwjene kitki, Kisałe jahodki, Kisały ćerń
magyar: Sóskaborbolya, sóskafa, leánysom, közönséges borbolya
հայերեն: ծորենի սովորական
italiano: crespino comune
日本語: セイヨウメギ
lietuvių: Paprastasis raugerškis
latviešu: Parastā bārbele
македонски: Кисел трн, жолтика
Nederlands: Gewone Zuurbes, Zuurbes
polski: berberys pospolity, berberys zwyczajny
română: Dracilă
русский: Барбарис обыкновенный
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Žutika
slovenčina: dráč obyčajný
српски / srpski: Шимширика
svenska: Berberis, Surtorn
తెలుగు: ఎరుపుమణిచెట్టు
Türkçe: Adi kadıntuzluğu, Avrupa kadıntuzluğu, Kızamık çalısı
українська: Барбарис звичайний, Кислиця
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Zirk
vèneto: Grendene
walon: Bwès Sint-Djuråd, Bwès sint Djuråd
中文: 刺檗
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Berberis vulgaris on Wikimedia Commons. (en)