Arum maculatum

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Arum maculatum, Fluy, Somme, France
Arum maculatum, fructus, Wien, Austria

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Alismatales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Alismatales

Familia: Araceae
Subfamilia: Aroideae
Tribus: Areae
Genus: Arum
Species: Arum maculatum

Name[edit]

Arum maculatum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 966. 1753.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Arum vernale Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 261. 1796, nom. superfl.
    • Arisarum maculatum (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 63. 1837.
  • Heterotypic
    • Arum vulgare Lam., Fl. Franç. 3: 537 (1779)
    • Arum vulgare var. albovenosum DC. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck & A.P.de Candolle, Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 5: 302. 1815.
    • Arum pyrenaeum Dufour in P.P.B.de Lapeyrouse, Hist. Pl. Pyrénées, Suppl.: 143. 1818.
    • Arum vulgare var. immaculatum Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 38. 1821 publ. 1822.
    • Arum maculatum var. immaculatum Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 10. 1830.
    • Arum maculatum subvar. immaculatum Mutel, Fl. Franç. Herbor. 3: 339. 1836.
    • Arum immaculatum (Rchb.) Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 7: 6. 1845.
    • Arum malyi Schott, Prodr. Syst. Aroid.: 93. 1860.
    • Arum zeleborii Schott, Prodr. Syst. Aroid.: 94. 1860.
    • Arum trapezuntinum Schott ex Engl. in A.L.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 2: 592. 1879, nom. nud.
    • Arum alpinum subsp. pyrenaeum (Dufour) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755. 1882.
    • Arum heldreichii Orph. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 40. 1882.
    • Arum maculatum var. heldreichii (Orph. ex Boiss.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755. 1882.
    • Arum maculatum var. malyi (Schott) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755. 1882.
    • Arum maculatum subsp. pyrenaeum (Dufour) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755. 1882.
    • Arum maculatum var. zeleborii (Schott) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755. 1882.
    • Arum maculatum var. tetrelii Corb., Nouv. Fl. Normandie, Suppl.: 2. 1898.
    • Arum italicum var. amoenum Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 86. 1920.
    • Arum maculatum subvar. malyi (Schott) Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 93. 1920.
    • Arum maculatum subvar. pyrenaeum (Dufour) Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 91. 1920.
    • Arum maculatum subvar. roseum Grembl. ex Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 91. 1920.
    • Arum maculatum var. vulgare (Lam.) Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 86. 1920
    • Arum maculatum f. scolopendriforme Priszter ex Horvat, Borbásia 9: 129. 1949.
    • Arum maculatum var. flavescens Melzer ex Janch., Cat. Fl. Austr. 1: 877. 1960, nom. nud.
    • Arum maculatum f. flavescens Melzer ex Riedl, Phyton (Horn) 12: 166. 1967, nom. illeg.
    • Arum maculatum f. roseum (Grembl. ex Engl.) Riedl, Phyton (Horn) 12: 166. 1967.
    • Arum maculatum var. karpatii Terpó, Bot. Közlem. 58: 157. 1971.
    • Arum maculatum f. spathulatum Terpó, Bot. Közlem. 58: 157. 1971.
    • Arum maculatum f. tetrelii (Corb.) Terpó, Bot. Közlem. 58: 160. 1971.
    • Arum maculatum f. immaculatum (Mutel) Topa, Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 779. 1972.
    • Arum maculatum f. flavescens Riedl in G.Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 2(1.5), ed. 3: 331. 1979.
    • Arum orientale subsp. amoenum (Engl.) R.R.Mill, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 47. 1983.

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:

  • Europe
    • Northern Europe
      • Great Britain, Ireland, Sweden.
    • Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland.
    • Southwestern Europe
      • France, Spain.
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti (in error), Romania, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Eastern Europe
      • Krym, Ukraine.
  • Asia-Temperate
    • Caucasus
      • Transcaucasus.
    • Western Asia
      • Turkey.

References: Brummitt, R.K. (2001) TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: لوف أبقع
azərbaycanca: Xallı danaayağı
беларуская: Ароннік плямісты
čeština: arón plamatý
Cymraeg: Pidyn y gog
dansk: Plettet arum
Deutsch: Gefleckter Aronstab
English: Snakeshead
eesti: Tähniline aarum
فارسی: کارده سرماری
suomi: Täplämunkinhuppu
Gaeilge: Cluas chaoin
hornjoserbsce: Blakaty klep
magyar: foltos kontyvirág
kurdî: Karî
Nederlands: Gevlekte aronskelk
polski: obrazki plamiste
русский: Аронник пятнистый
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kozlac
slovenčina: áron škvrnitý
shqip: Këlkeza e njollosur
српски / srpski: Козлац
svenska: Fläckig munkhätta


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