Amaranthus tricolor

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Amaranthus tricolor

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Amaranthaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Amaranthoideae
Genus: Amaranthus
Species: Amaranthus tricolor

Name[edit]

Amaranthus tricolor L., Sp. Pl. 2: 989. 1753

Lectotype (designated by Townsend 1974: 14.): LINN: LINN 1117.7.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Glomeraria tricolor (L.) Cav., Elench. Pl. Horti Matr. 17. (1803)
    • Amaranthus melancholicus var. tricolor (L.) Moq., Prodr. 13(2): 262. (1849).
  • Heterotypic (ref. Hassler 2018)
    • Amaranthus amboinicus Buch.-Ham., Numer. List [Wallich] n. 6987 (1832).
    • Amaranthus bicolor Nocca ex Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willdenow] 4(1): 384 (1805).
    • Glomeraria bicolor (Willd.) Cav. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 262 (1849).
    • Amaranthus cuspidatus Vis., Cat. Hort. Patav. (1841).
    • Amaranthus gangeticus L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 2: 1268 (1759).
    • Blitum gangeticum (L.) Moench, Methodus (Moench) 359 (1794).
    • Amaranthus inamoenus Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willdenow] 4(1): 386 (1805); Amar. 14.
    • Amaranthus incomptus Willd., Enum. Pl. Suppl. [Willdenow] 64 (1814).
    • Amaranthus japonicus Houtt. ex Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willdenow] 4(1): 386, in syn. (1805).
    • Amaranthus japonicus Houtt.. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steudel] 36 (1821).4(1): 386, in syn. (1805).
    • Amaranthus lancifolius Roxb., Hort. Bengal.: 67 (1814)
    • Amaranthus lanceolatus Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3: 607 (1832)
    • Amaranthus lividus Roxb., Fl. Ind. iii. 605. (later homonym of Amaranthus lividus L., Sp. Pl. 2: 990. 1753).
    • Amaranthus mangostanus L., Cent. Pl. I. 32 (1755).
    • Amaranthus tricolor subsp. mangostanus (L.) Aellen, In: Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. ed. 2, 3: 495. (1959)
    • Amaranthus melancholicus L., Sp. Pl. 2: 989 (1753).
    • Amaranthus tricolor var. melancholicus Lam.
    • Blitum melancholicum (L.) Moench, Methodus: 359 (1794)
    • Amaranthus mucronatus hort. Petrop. ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 720 (1885) (later homonym of Amaranthus mucronatus Poir., Encycl. [J. Lamarck & al.] Suppl. 1. 311. 1810).
    • Amaranthus oleraceus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 605. (1832) (later homonym of Amaranthus oleraceus L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 2: 1403. 1763).
    • Amaranthus gangeticus var. oleraceus (Roxb.) Haines, Bot. Bihar Orissa pt. 5: 763. (1924)
    • Amaranthus polygamus L., Cent. Pl. I. 32 (1755).
    • Amaranthus rotundifolius herb. Par. ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 261 (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Amaranthus splendens hort., Vilm. Blumengärtn., ed. 3. 1: 868, in syn. (1895).
    • Amaranthus tricolor f. splendens Voss
    • Amaranthus tricolor var. acutus S.Das, Phytotaxa 88(2): 27. (2013)
    • Amaranthus tristis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 989 (1753).
    • Amaranthus tricolor subsp. tristis (L.) Aellen, In: Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. ed. 2, 3: 495. (1959)
    • Amaranthus gangeticus var. tristis Prain, Bengal pl. 870. (1903)
    • Pyxidium gangeticum (L.) Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 261 (1849), nom. inval.
    • Pyxidium melancholicum (L.) Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 262 (1849), nom. inval.

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
(ref. Govaerts 2019)
  • Asia-Tropical
    • Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China
      • Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • Malesia
      • Borneo, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Philippines
    • Papuasia
      • Solomon Is.

Cultivated /introduced elsewhere


References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

azərbaycanca: Üçrəng qaratərə
English: Joseph's Coat
español: Bledo morisco
suomi: Kirjorevonhäntä
français: Amaranthe tricolore
日本語: ヒユ(広義), subsp. tricolor: ハゲイトウ, var. mangostanus: ヒユ
lietuvių: Trispalvis burnotis
മലയാളം: മധുരച്ചീര
português: Tampala
தமிழ்: சிறுகீரை
中文: 苋
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Amaranthus tricolor on Wikimedia Commons.