Alnus glutinosa subsp. glutinosa

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Twigs and petiole more or less glabrescent. Leaves ovate, dark green, on both surfaces glabrous except for sparse hairs on the veins and axillary tufts.

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Fagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fagales

Familia: Betulaceae
Subfamilia: Betuloideae
Genus: Alnus
Subgenus: A. subg. Alnus
Species: Alnus glutinosa
Subspecies: Alnus glutinosa subsp. glutinosa

Name[edit]

Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. subsp. glutinosa, autonym

Synonyms[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Betula laciniata Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. 3: 22 (1788), nom. illeg.
    • Betula alnus var. laciniata Aiton, Hortus Kew. 3: 338 (1789).
      • Alnus glutinosa var. laciniata (Aiton) Willd., Berlin. Baumz.: 44 (1796).
      • Alnus glutinosa lusus laciniata (Aiton) Regel, Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 13(2): 167 (1861).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. laciniata (Aiton) Koehne, Deut. Dendrol.: 115 (1893).
    • Betula emarginata Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. 5: 158 (1790), nom. nud.
    • Alnus nigra Gilib., Exerc. Phyt. 2: 401 (1792), opus utiq. oppr.
    • Alnus glutinosa var. quercifolia Willd., Berlin. Baumz.: 44 (1796).
      • Alnus quercifolia Willd., Berlin. Baumz.: 45 (1796).
      • Alnus glutinosa lusus quercifolia (Willd.) Regel, Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 13(2): 168 (1861).
      • Alnus februaria var. quercifolia (Willd.) Kuntze, Taschen-Fl. Leipzig: 239 (1867).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. quercifolia (Willd.) Koehne, Deut. Dendrol.: 115 (1893).
    • Alnus glutinosa var. emarginata Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4: 334 (1805).
    • Alnus glutinosa var. incisa Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4: 335 (1805).
      • Alnus glutinosa lusus incisa (Willd.) Regel, Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 13(2): 167 (1861).
      • Alnus februaria var. incisa (Willd.) Kuntze, Taschen-Fl. Leipzig: 239 (1867).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. incisa (Willd.) Koehne, Deut. Dendrol.: 115 (1893).
    • Alnus rotundifolia Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 369 (1812).
    • Alnus emarginata Krock., Fl. Siles. 3: 196 (1814).
    • Alnus incisa Steud., Nomencl. Bot. 1: 29 (1821).
    • Alnus glutinosa var. macrocarpa Req., Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 5: 381 (1825).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. macrocarpa (Req.) H.J.P.Winkl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 61: 117 (1904).
    • Alnus macrocarpa Lodd. ex G.Don in J.C.Loudon, Hort. Brit.: 378 (1830).
    • Alnus glutinosa var. foliis-variegatis Gorrie, Miller's Dict. Gard.: 157 (1834), nom. inval.
    • Alnus oxyacantha Lodd. ex Gorrie, Miller's Dict. Gard.: 157 (1834).
    • Alnus oxyacanthifolia Lodd., Cat. Pl., ed. 16: ? (1836).
      • Alnus glutinosa var. oxyacanthifolia (Lodd.) Spach, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 15: 208 (1841).
      • Alnus februaria var. oxyacanthifolia (Lodd.) Kuntze, Taschen-Fl. Leipzig: 239 (1867).
    • Alnus glutinosa var. pinnatifida Spach, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 15: 207 (1841).
      • Alnus februaria var. pinnatifida (Spach) Kuntze, Taschen-Fl. Leipzig: 239 (1867).
    • Alnus glutinosa var. subrotunda Spach, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 15: 207 (1841).
    • Alnus nitens K.Koch, Linnaea 22: 334 (1849).
    • Alnus morisiana Bertol., Fl. Ital. 10: 163 (1855).
    • Alnus aurea Verschaff., Nursery Cat. (Ambroise Verschaffelt) 1860: 8 (1860).
      • Alnus glutinosa var. aurea (Verschaff.) Lem., Ill. Hort. 13: t. 490 (1866).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. aurea (Verschaff.) H.J.P.Winkl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 61: 118 (1904).
    • Alnus glutinosa var. imperialis G.Kirchn. in E.A.Petzold & G.Kirchner, Arbor. Muscav.: 599 (1864).
      • Alnus imperialis (G.Kirchn.) Rob., Gard. Chron., n.s., 2: 334 (1874).
      • Alnus glutinosa var. imperialis (G.Kirchn.) Desf. ex Rehder in L.H.Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 1: 48 (1900).
    • Alnus februaria Kuntze, Taschen-Fl. Leipzig: 238 (1867), nom. superfl.
    • Alnus februaria var. maculata Kuntze, Taschen-Fl. Leipzig: 239 (1867).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. maculata (Kuntze) H.J.P.Winkl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 61: 118 (1904).
    • Alnus februaria var. parvifolia Kuntze, Taschen-Fl. Leipzig: 239 (1867).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. parvifolia (Kuntze) Callier in C.K.Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 129 (1904).
    • Alnus februaria var. sardoa Kuntze, Taschen-Fl. Leipzig: 239 (1867).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. sardoa (Kuntze) H.J.P.Winkl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 61: 117 (1904).
    • Alnus cerifera Hartig ex Regel in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2): 187 (1868).
    • Alnus dubia Req. ex Regel in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2): 187 (1868), nom. inval.
    • Alnus prunifolia K.Koch, Dendrologie 2(1): 630 (1872).
    • Alnus suaveolens Morel ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 671 (1881), nom. inval.
    • Alnus glutinosa var. imberbis Bornm., Bot. Centralbl. 36: 153 (1888).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. imberbis (Bornm.) Callier in C.K.Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 129 (1904).
    • Alnus glutinosa f. microcarpa R.Uechtr. ex Callier, Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 69(2): 74 (1891 publ. 1892).
    • Alnus glutinosa var. microphylla Callier, Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 69(2): 74 (1891 publ. 1892).
    • Alnus glutinosa var. pyramidalis Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 160 (1891).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. pyramidalis (Dippel) Callier in C.K.Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 129 (1904).
    • Alnus glutinosa var. rubrinervia Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 160 (1891).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. rubrinervia (Dippel) Callier in C.K.Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 129 (1904).
    • Alnus glutinosa var. sorbifolia Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 161 (1891).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. sorbifolia (Dippel) Koehne, Deut. Dendrol.: 115 (1893).
      • Alnus glutinosa lusus sorbifolia (Dippel) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 4: 418 (1911).
    • Alnus glutinosa f. glabra Brenner, Bot. Centralbl. 61: 150 (1895).
    • Alnus glutinosa f. lobulata Brenner, Bot. Centralbl. 61: 152 (1895).
      • Alnus glutinosa subf. lobulata (Brenner) Callier, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 231 (1911).
    • Alnus glutinosa f. pilosa Brenner, Bot. Centralbl. 61: 150 (1895).
    • Alnus glutinosa f. subpilosa Brenner, Bot. Centralbl. 61: 150 (1895).
      • Alnus glutinosa subf. subpilosa (Brenner) Callier, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 231 (1911).
    • Alnus glutinosa var. tenuifolia Callier, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 1: 81 (1895).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. tenuifolia (Callier) Callier, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 231 (1911).
    • Alnus glutinosa f. longipedunculata A.Braun ex H.J.P.Winkl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 61: 117 (1904).
    • Alnus glutinosa f. puberula Callier in C.K.Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 129 (1904).
    • Alnus sorbifolia H.J.P.Winkl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 61: 117 (1904), nom. inval.
    • Alnus glutinosa var. bosniaca Beck, Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosni Hercegovini 18: 75 (1906).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. bosniaca (Beck) Callier, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 230 (1911).
    • Alnus glutinosa var. sublobata Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 2: 6 (1908).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. sublobata (Zapal.) Callier, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 230 (1911).
    • Alnus glutinosa var. subserrata Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 2: 6 (1908).
      • Alnus glutinosa f. subserrata (Zapal.) Callier, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 230 (1911).
    • Alnus glutinosa f. cuneata Callier, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 230 (1911).
    • Alnus glutinosa f. dubia Callier, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 231 (1911).
    • Alnus glutinosa subf. microphylla Callier, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 231 (1911), nom. illeg.
    • Alnus glutinosa subf. minuticarpa Callier, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 231 (1911).
    • Alnus glutinosa f. subimberbis Bornm. ex Callier, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 230 (1911).
    • Alnus glutinosa f. balatonialis Borbás ex Callier, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 27: 97 (1918).
    • Alnus glutinosa subf. brachycarpa Callier, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 27: 96 (1918).
    • Alnus glutinosa f. graeca Callier, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 27: 94 (1918).
    • Alnus glutinosa f. intermedia Callier, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 27: 93 (1918).
    • Alnus glutinosa f. minutifolia H.Lindb. ex Hiitonen, Suom. Kasvio: 742 (1933).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
Alnus glutinosa subsp. glutinosa
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Corse, France, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • West Siberia.
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Iran, Turkey.
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • Newfoundland, Ontario.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island.
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Chile Central, Chile South.
  • Note: Grey script indicates introduced occurrences.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]