- Acanthocleithron Nichols & Griscom, 1917: 720
Etymology: The generic name is a combination from the Latin acanthus (= thorny), and cleithrum, the large bone that extends from the base of the pectoral fin and forms the posterior edge of the gill chamber. It's named so because of the spinous projection above the base of the pectoral spine.
- Nichols, J.T. and L. Griscom 1917: Fresh-water fishes of the Congo basin obtained by the American Museum Congo expedition, 1909-1915. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 37 (25): 653–756, Pls. 64-83. PDF
- Vigliotta, T.R. 2008: A phylogenetic study of the African catfish family Mochokidae (Osteichthyes, Ostariophysi, Siluriformes), with a key to genera. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 157: 73–136.