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Taxonavigation: Rhynchocephalia

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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Chordata Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Rhynchocephalia

Familia: Sphenodontidae
Genus: Sphenodon
Species (3): S. guntheri – S. punctatus – †S. diversum [but see Hay et al. (2010)]


  • Sphenodon Gray, 1831 [emendation under the plenary power of Sphaenodon, placed on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology (Op. 455)]



primary references[edit]

  • Gray, J.E. 1831: Note on a peculiar structure in the head of an Agama. Pp. 13-14 in: J.E. Gray, The zoological miscellany. Part 1. Treuttel, Würtz & Co., London. Google books

selected references[edit]

  • Daugherty, C.H.; Cree, A.; Hay, J.M.; Thompson, M.B. 1990: Neglected taxonomy and continuing extinctions of tuatara (Sphenodon). Nature, 347: 177-179. doi: 10.1038/347177a0 PDF
  • Gray, J.E. 1843: Descriptions of the reptiles and Amphibia hitherto observed in New Zealand. Pp. 202-206 in Dieffenbach, E.: Travels in New Zealand; with contributions to the geography, geology, botany, and natural history of that country. Volume 2. John Murray: London. BHL
  • Günther, A. 1867: Contribution to the anatomy of Hatteria (Rhynchocephalus, Owen). (Abstract). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 15: 460-462. JSTOR
  • Günther, A. 1867: Contribution to the anatomy of Hatteria (Rhynchocephalus, Owen). Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London, 157: 595-629, plates XXVI-XXVIII. JSTOR
  • Hay, J.M.; Lambert, D.M. 2008: Microsatellite DNA loci identify individuals and provide no evidence for multiple paternity in wild tuatara (Sphenodon: Reptilia). Conservation genetics, 9: 1039-1043. doi: 10.1007/s10592-007-9445-5
  • Hay, J.M.; Sarre, S.D.; Lambert, D.M.; Allendorf, F.W.; Daugherty, C.H. 2010: Genetic diversity and taxonomy: a reassessment of species designation in tuatara (Sphenodon: Reptilia). Conservation genetics, 11: 1063-1081. doi: 10.1007/s10592-009-9952-7


Vernacular names[edit]

čeština: Tuatara
Deutsch: Brückenechse
English: Tuatara
español: Tuatara
français: Tuatara
한국어: 투아타라
italiano: Tuatara
Limburgs: Brögkherdisse
Nederlands: Tuatara's
日本語: トゥアタラ
polski: Hatteria
português: Tuatara
suomi: Tuatara
ไทย: ทัวทารา
Türkçe: Tuatara
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Sphenodon on Wikimedia Commons.