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Taxonavigation: Apiales
Classification System: APG III (down to family level)

Main Page
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids II
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Mackinlayoideae
Genera: Actinotus – Apiopetalum – Centella – Mackinlaya – Micropleura – Xanthosia


Mackinlayoideae G.M. Plunkett & Lowry in J. S. African Bot. 70: 379. (2004)


  • Actinotaceae Konstantinova & Melikian
  • Mackinlayaceae Doweld


  • Plunkett, G.M. et al. (2004) Recent advances in understanding Apiales and a revised classification, South African Journal of Botany 70 (3): 371–381. Available on line [1]. Accessed 2014 Aug 20.
  • Chandler, G.T., & Plunkett, G.M. (2002) Recent advances in the resolution of intra-ordinal affinities in the Apiales: Evidence from 26S rDNA, P. 117, in Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, Abstracts. [Madison, Wisconsin.].
  • Chandler, G.T., & Plunkett, G.M. (2004) Evolution in Apiales: Nuclear and chloroplast markers together in (almost) perfect harmony, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2: 123-147.
  • Nicolas, A.N., & Plunkett, G.M. 2009. The demise of subfamily Hydrocotyloideae (Apiaceae) and the re-alignment of its genera across the whole order Apiales. Mol. Phyl. Evol. 53: 134-151.
  • Liu, M., Plunkett, G.M., Van Wyk, B-M., Tilney, P.M. & Lowry II, P.P. (2012) The phylogenetic significance of the carpophore in Apiaceae, Annals of Botany, 110(8): 1531-1543. Available on line [2]. Accessed 4 Apr. 2014.