Heliconiini

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Heliconiini : Neruda aoede aoede

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Papilioniformes

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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Divisio: Ditrysia
Sectio: Cossina
Subsectio: Bombycina
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea
Series: Papilioniformes

Familia: Nymphalidae
Subfamilia: Heliconiinae
Tribus: Heliconiini
Genera: Agraulis – Dione – Dryadula – Dryas – Eueides – Heliconius – Laparus – Neruda – Philaethria – Podotricha

Name[edit]

Heliconiini Swainson, 1822

References[edit]

  • Brower, A.V.Z., 1994: Phylogeny of Heliconius butterflies inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 3: 159-174.
  • Brower, A.V.Z., 1994: Rapid morphological radiation and convergence among races of the butterfly Heliconius erato inferred from patterns of mitochondrial DNA evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 91: 6491-6495.
  • Brower, A.V.Z., 1996: Parallel race formation and the evolution of mimicry in Heliconius butterflies: a phylogenetic hypothesis from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Evolution 50: 195-221.
  • Brower, A.V.Z., 1997: The evolution of ecologically important characters in Heliconius butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): a cladistic review. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 119: 457-472.
  • Brower, A.V.Z., and M.G. Egan, 1997: Cladistic analysis of Heliconius butterflies and relatives (Nymphalidae: Heliconiiti): a revised phylogenetic position for Eueides based on sequences from mtDNA and a nuclear gene. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences 264: 969-977.
  • Brown, K.S., 1973: The Heliconians of Brazil (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Part V. Three new subspecies from the Mato Grosso and Rondonia. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 13: 1-19. Full article: [1].
  • Brown Jr., K.S., 1981: The biology of Heliconius and related genera. Annual Review of Entomology 26: 427-456.
  • Emsley, M., 1963: A morphological study of imagine Heliconiinae (Lep.: Nymphalidae) with a consideration of the evolutionary relationships within the group. Zoologica 50: 191-254.
  • Lamas, G., (ed) 2004: Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A, Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea. Scientific Publishers, Gainsville, Florida.
  • Michner, C. D., 1942: A generic revision of the Heliconiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). American Museum Novitates 1197: 1-8.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 2000: Two new subspecies of Ecuadorian Heliconiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 110 (5): 141-143.
  • Penz, C.M., 1999: Higher level phylogeny for the passion-vine butterflies (Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae) based on early stage and adult morphology. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 127: 277-344.
  • Penz, C.M. & Peggie, D., 2003: Phylogenetic relationships among Heliconiinae genera based on morphology (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Systematic Entomology 28: 451-479.