Crocus vernus

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Crocus vernus

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales
Classification System: APG III (down to family level)

Main Page
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Iridaceae
Subfamilia: Crocoideae
Tribus: Croceae
Genus: Crocus
Sectio: C. sect. Crocus
Serie: C. ser. Verni
Species: Crocus vernus
Subspecies: C. v. subsp. albiflorus – C. v. subsp. fritschii – C. v. subsp. vernus

Name[edit]

Crocus vernus (L.) Hill (1765)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Crocus sativus var. vernus L., Sp. Pl. 36. 1753.
  • Homotypic
    • Ixia vernalis (L.) Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 33. 1796.
  • Heterotypic
    • Crocus babiogorensis Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 185. 1906.
    • Crocus candidus Schloss. & Vuk., Syll. Fl. Croat.: 23. 1857, nom. illeg.
    • Crocus duplex Weston, Bot. Univ. 2: 237. 1771.
    • Crocus grandiflorus Hegetschw., Fl. Schweiz: 41. 1839.
    • Crocus indivisus J.A.Richt., Corresp. Ver. Naturk. Presb. 2: 198. 1863.
    • Crocus latifolius Stokes, Bot. Comm. 1: 199. 1830.
    • Crocus longiflorus Hegetschw., Fl. Schweiz: 40. 1838, nom. illeg.
    • Crocus multiflorus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 652. 1866.
    • Crocus napolitanus Loisel., Herb. Gén. Amateur 2: t. 101. 1817.
    • Crocus nervifolius Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 10: 16. 1832.
    • Crocus nivigena Herb., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 29(Misc.): 82. 1843.
    • Crocus obovatus Haw., Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 133. 1812.
    • Crocus pictus (Sabine) Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 441. 1840.
    • Crocus purpureus Weston, Bot. Univ. 2: 238. 1771.
    • Crocus reineggeri Opiz, Naturalientausch 10: 262. 1825.
    • Crocus sylvester Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 151. 1902.
    • Crocus vernalis Billb., Ekon. Bot.: t. 8. 1816.
    • Crocus vernus f. intermedius Vuk. ex Beck, Wiss. Mitt. Bosnien & Herzegovina 9: 96. 1904.
    • Crocus vernus f. niveus Derganc, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 47: 17. 1897.
    • Crocus vernus subsp. nivigena (Herb.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 248. 1890.
    • Crocus vernus subsp. obovatus (Haw.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 248. 1890.
    • Crocus vernus subvar. acutior Herb., Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3874. 1841.
    • Crocus vernus subvar. aprilis (Sabine) Herb., J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 271. 1847.
    • Crocus vernus subvar. elatior Herb., J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 271. 1847.
    • Crocus vernus subvar. obovatus Herb., Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3874. 1841, nom. illeg.
    • Crocus vernus subvar. parviflorus Herb., J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 271. 1847.
    • Crocus vernus var. albus-major Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 494. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. albus-minor Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 495. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. alpinus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 496. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. andersonii Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 493. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. aprilis Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 497. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. bicolor Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 490. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. clavatus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 478. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. communis Herb., J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 271. 1847.
    • Crocus vernus var. concinuus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 476. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. crassus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 493. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. delectus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 495. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. dentosus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 489. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. dorsalis Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 484. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. dubius Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 478. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. fucatus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 483. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. fusiformis Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 479. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. gloriana Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 488. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. glorianella Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 488. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. grandis Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 475. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. griseus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 490. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. incurvus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 491. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. inflatus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 480. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. leucorhynchus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 485. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. lilacinus-praecox Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 482. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. lineatus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 486. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. lineellus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 491. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. lusitanicus Herb., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 29(Misc.): 84. 1843.
    • Crocus vernus var. maculosus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 477. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. marginatus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 474. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. minutus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 481. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. neapolitanus-praecox Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 482. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. nivigena (Herb.) Herb., J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 271. 1847.
    • Crocus vernus var. obesus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 492. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. obovatus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 475. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. obsoletus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 494. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. pallens Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 481. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. pallidus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 481. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. parvulus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 493. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. pectinatus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 491. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. phaeton Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 476. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. pictus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 483. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. plumbeus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 480. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. podolicus Herb., Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3874. 1841.
    • Crocus vernus var. propinquus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 489. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. pruinosus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 479. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. pulchellus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 486. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. puniceus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 473. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. purpureus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 474. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. reticulatus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 490. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. sabinei Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 475. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. striatus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 487. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. stylosus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 479. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. tardiflorus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 497. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. trilineatus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 494. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. tulipaceus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 480. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. turbinatus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 477. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. unguis Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 485. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. unguis-major Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 485. 1830.
    • Crocus vernus var. violaceus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 478. 1830.

References[edit]

  • Govaerts, R. & al. 2012: Crocus vernus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 Mar 20.
  • Hill, J. 1765. Vegetable System 10: 1.
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names[edit]

català: Safrà de muntanya
Deutsch: Frühlings-Krokus
English: Spring crocus
français: Crocus printanier
kaszëbsczi: Zymkòwi szafran
lietuvių: Pavasarinis krokas
Nederlands: Bonte krokus
polski: Krokus wiosenny
русский: Шафран весенний, или Крокус весенний
slovenščina: spomladansi žafran, pomladanski žafran
suomi: Kevätsahrami
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