Actaea rubra

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Actaea rubra

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Ranunculales
Classification System: APG III (down to family level)

Main Page
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Ranunculales

Familia: Ranunculaceae
Subfamilia: Ranunculoideae
Tribus: Actaeeae
Genus: Actaea
Sectio: Actaea sect. Actaea
Species: Actaea rubra

Name[edit]

Actaea rubra (Aiton) Willd., Enum. Pl. 1: 561. 1809.

Synonyms[edit]

Basionym
  • Actaea spicata var. rubra Aiton, Hortus Kew. (W.Aiton) 2: 221. 1789.
Homotypic
  • Actaea americana var. rubra Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. (Pursh) 2: 367. 1813.
  • Actaea brachypetala var. rubra (Aiton) DC., Syst. Nat. [Candolle] 1: 385. 1817.
  • Actaea spicata subsp. rubra (Aiton) Hultén, Kungl. Svenska Vetens.-akad. Handl. 13 (1): 166. 1971.
  • Christophoriana rubra (Aiton) Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 326. 1914.
Heterotypic
  • Actaea americana (Aiton) Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. (Pursh) 1: 366. 1813, nom. illeg, based on Actaea spicata var. rubra Aiton.
  • Actaea arguta Nutt., Fl. N. Amer. (Torr. & A. Gray) 1: 35. 1838.
  • Actaea arguta Greene, nom. illeg. non Nutt. (1838).
  • Actaea arguta var. alabastrina Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2: 123. 1911.
  • Actaea arguta var. eburnea (Rydberg) Cockerell, Fl. Boulder Colorado Col. 119. 1911.
  • Actaea arguta var. pauciflora R.R.Gates, Bot. Gaz. 61: 202. 1916.
  • Actaea arguta var. viridiflora (Greene) Tidestr. & Kittell, Fl. Ariz. New Mex. 25. 1941.
  • Actaea californica Greene, Ottawa Natural. 16. 36.
  • Actaea eburnea Rydberg, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 153. 1900.
  • Actaea erythrocarpa (Fisch.) Kom., Fl. Manschur. 2(1): 237. 1903.
  • Actaea erythrocarpa f. kamtschatika Kom., Fl. Kamtschatka 2: 118. 1929.
  • Actaea neglecta Gillman, Drugs Med. N. Amer. 1: 235. 1885.
  • Actaea rubra f. neglecta (Gillman) B.L.Rob., Rhodora 10: 66. 1908 .
  • Actaea rubra subsp. arguta (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) Hultén, Acta Univ. Lund. 2, 40: 717. 1945, Fl. Alaska & Yukon, 4.
  • Actaea rubra var. arguta (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) G.Lawson, Proc. & Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada 2: 84. 1884 Rev. Canadian Ranunculaceae.
  • Actaea rubra var. dissecta Britton, Ill. Fl. N. U.S. (Britton & Brown) 2: 55. 1897.
  • Actaea rubra var. gigantea R.R.Gates, Bot. Gaz. 61: 201, fig. 9. 1916.
  • Actaea spicata f. arguta (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) Huth, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 16: 309. 1893.
  • Actaea spicata var. arguta (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) Torrey, Pacific Railr. Rep. 4(pt. 5 [no. 4]) (Whipple). 63. 1857
  • Actaea spicata var. arguta (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) E.Murray, Kalmia 12: 18. 1982, comb. superfl.
  • Actaea spicata var. dissecta (Britton) K.C.Davis, Taxon. Stud. N. Amer. Ranunculaceae 28. 1900.
  • Actaea spicata var. erythrocarpa Fisch., Index sem. hort. petrop. (Fischer & C. A. Meyer) 1:20. 1835.
  • Actaea spicata subsp. erythrocarpa (Fisch.) Hultén, Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 13(1): 166. 1971.
  • Actaea viridiflora Greene, Pittonia 2: 108. 1890.
  • Actaea viridiflora var. clementiorum R.R.Gates, Bot. Gaz. 61: 203. 1916.
  • Christophoriana arguta (Nutt.) Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 362. 1916.
  • Christophoriana arguta var. alabastrina Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 362. 1916.

Hybrids[edit]

Note[edit]

White fruited plants are common and sometimes called Actaea rubra f. neglecta (Gillman) H.Robinson. Actaea erythrocarpa (Fisch.) Kom. is sometimes accepted for Asian populations.

References[edit]

  • Flora of North America (2008). 'eFloras. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. 2009 Aug 29 [1].

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Red Baneberry
français: Actée rouge
suomi: Lännenkonnanmarja
svenska: Röd trolldruva
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Actaea rubra on Wikimedia Commons.